Kutanthauzira Kwabwino Kwambiri Kwachingerezi
Kutanthauzira Kwabwino Kwambiri Kwachingerezi

Kutanthauzira Kwabwino Kwambiri Kwachingerezi

Mabaibulo Abwino Kwambiri Achingelezi

Tsambali likufotokoza Mabaibulo Omasuliridwa Bwino Kwambiri Achingelezi m’njira yolondola komanso yosavuta kuwerenga. Mitu monga kukondera pakumasulira ndi zisankho za mkonzi imayankhidwanso. Pomaliza zida zophunzirira Baibulo zomwe amakonda kuphatikiza mawebusayiti, mapulogalamu ndi zida zapamwamba zamapulogalamu zimaperekedwa. 

Chifukwa chake zili zofunika…

  • Baibulo ndiye maziko achikhulupiriro chachikhristu
  • Ndilo gwero lathu lomvetsetsa chowonadi cha zomwe tiyenera kukhulupirira komanso momwe tiyenera kukhalira
  • Sitikufuna kukhala olakwitsa kapena kupititsa patsogolo zabodza
  • Moyo wathu ndi chiyembekezo chathu mu Uthenga Wabwino zimatengera izi

Kulondola kwa Kumasulira kwa Chingerezi

Pansipa pali tchati cha Mabaibulo omasuliridwa molondola, polemekeza O Critical Text (NA27) kuchokera kumanzere kupita kumanja. Izi zatengedwa kuchokera ku Comprehensive New Testament, © Cornerstone Publications, 2008.

Kodi Kulondola Zikutanthauza Chiyani?

  • Critical Edition of the New Testament ndi zomwe zili mu Koine Greek yoyambirira ya Chipangano Chatsopano yozikidwa pamatsutso azolemba komanso maphunziro amakono.
    • The Critical Text amadziwika kuti Novum Testamentum Graece, Wikipedia Link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novum_Testamentum_Graece
    • Pali mitundu iwiri yofanana ya Nestle-Aland, Edition ya 28 Panopa (NA28) ndi United Bible Societies, kope la 5 Panopa (UBS5)
    • Malembowa ndi maziko a matembenuzidwe amakono a Mabaibulo
  • Komabe, matembenuzidwe amakono amabaibulo amachoka pamalembedwe ena kukhala ena
      • Amasankha kugwiritsa ntchito mawu osiyanasiyananso malinga ndi malingaliro awo kuphatikiza kuyanjana bwino ndi zamulungu za "orthodox" ndikusunga miyambo yachingerezi
  • Kulondola kumayesedwa ndi momwe kumasulira kumayenderana ndi kope lofunikira. 
    • Kulondola, monga tawonera pamwambapa, kumakhudza kusankha pakati pamitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe yasankhidwa kuti itanthauziridwe m'malo mongomasulira kwenikweni. 
  • Njira zowerengera molondola momwe COM imagwiritsidwira ntchito ndi izi:

      1. Tanthauzirani kusiyanasiyana kwamalemba m'mipukutu yakale m'Chingerezi
      2. Yerekezerani mawu oyambira pakutanthauzira kulikonse ndi mitundu yake ndikuwona kusiyanasiyana komwe kuli pafupi ndi kumasulira. 
      3. Gawani kuchuluka kwakanthawi kamasulidwe aliwonse opangidwira mapangidwe amtundu wina (potengera NA27 zolemba zoyambirira) potengera kuchuluka kwamavesi osiyanasiyana, ndikuchotsani zotsatira kuchokera ku 100%.

 

Kuwerenga

Kuwerenga ndikofunikanso. Ndikosavuta komwe wowerenga amatha kumvetsetsa zolembedwa. M'chilankhulo chachilengedwe, kuwerenga kwa mawu kumatengera zomwe zili (zovuta zake m'mawu ndi kaphatikizidwe). Zambiri zowerengeka zatengedwa kuchokera ku Comprehensive New Testament (COM) © Cornerstone Publications 2008 yomwe idagwiritsa ntchito Readability Studio mtundu wa 1.2.0.0 © 2007 kuwerengera kuchuluka kwa kuwerengera kwa COM poyerekeza ndi matanthauzidwe makumi awiri mu kafukufuku wawo woyerekeza malinga ndi a Coleman-Liau kugoletsa dongosolo. Omasulira angapo akuwonetsedwa pansipa ndikuchepetsa kuwerenga kuchokera kumanzere kupita kumanja.

Kusankhana Owonetsedwa M'Matembenuzidwe Abaibulo

Mabaibulo onse a Chingerezi amawonetsa kukondera. Izi ndi njira zomwe kukondera kumayambitsidwira kumasulira:

  • Kusalondola ndi mawu omwe adachokera (kugwiritsa ntchito mitundu)
  • Kufanana kwamalemba (kusinthira mawu)
  • Osamasulira mawu momwemo
  • Kugwira ntchito mofanana - kusiya kutsatira mosamalitsa kalembedwe ka mawu am'mawu oyambilira kuti mumve kumasulira kwachilengedwe mchilankhulo chomwe mukufuna
  • Kukondera potanthauzira mawu ndi ziganizo
  • Eisegesis - Njira yotanthauzira mawu mwanjira yodziwonetsera zomwe mumakonda, malingaliro, kapena kukondera - zomwe zimatchedwa kuti kuwerenga mawuwo
  • Mitu yamagawo otsogola omwe amatsogolera owerenga m'malingaliro ena
  • Ndalama zazikulu, zopumira, ndi zosankha zina kuphatikiza ma Mabaibulo ofiira ofiira
  • Mawu am'munsi, ndemanga ndi maulalo ena osankhidwa

Kutanthauzira Kwabwino Kwambiri kwa Chipangano Chatsopano

Chipangano Chatsopano Chatsopano (COM)

Makope a Cornerstone (2008)

Chiyanjano cha Amazon: https://amzn.to/38PDy6Q

The Comprehensive New Testament (COM) ikuyimira zisankho zolembedwa za Critical Greek Text (Nestle-Aland 27th edition) mu mtundu wa Chingerezi wowerengeka. Chipangano Chatsopano ichi chidapangidwa makamaka pamaphunziro a Baibulo ndipo ndicholondola kwambiri poyerekeza ndi cholemba chachi Greek. Mitundu yoposa 15,000 m'mipukutu yakale yamasuliridwa m'mawu am'munsi. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zolemba zachi Greek ndipo amagawidwa m'magulu awiri: Gulu la "Alexandria" likuyimira zolemba pamanja zakale kwambiri zomwe zidalipo, ndipo gulu la "Byzantine" likuyimira mipukutu yambiri. Kuwerenga kosatsimikizika kumadziwika bwino m'mabokosi. Pansi pa tsamba lirilonse pali zida zofananira zomwe zimafotokoza momwe Mabaibulo 20 achingelezi amasankhidwira vesi lililonse la Chipangano Chatsopano. Ichi ndiye chida chofananira kwambiri chofananira chamatembenuzidwe Abaibulo omwe amapezeka mukamasindikizidwa. COM imaperekanso kuwerenga kosavuta poyerekeza ndi matanthauzidwe a ESV ndi NASB pansipa. COM imamasuliridwa ndimalingaliro achikhalidwe cha Utatu.  

Zomasulira Zabwino Kwambiri

Buku Lopatulika (BLPB)

Crossway (2001, 2007, 2011, & 2016)

Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Standard_Version

About Webusayiti ya ESV: https://www.esv.org/translation

Baibulo la Dziko Latsopano:  https://www.esv.org/Luke+1

Makina Osindikiza a ESV: https://www.crossway.org/bibles

ESV (2001) imachokera kumasulira achingelezi akale kuyambira ndi Tyndale (1526) ndikupitilira ndi KJV (1611), ASV (1901) ndi RSV (1952, 1971). RSV ya 1971 ndiye poyambira kumasulira kwa ESV. ESV ndimasuliridwe enieni, ndipo imagogomezera makalata oti "liwu ndi liwu" motsutsana ndi Mabaibulo ena omwe atsata "lingaliro loganiza" lomwe likutsindika "kufanana kwakukulu" osati "kwenikweni tanthauzo lenileni ”la tanthauzo lenileni. Izi ndizabwino kuposa kumasulira kwa "kulingalira kwakuti" monga "liwu ndi liwu" limakonda kuwonetsa malingaliro omasulira a womasulira. Bungwe la ESV limabweretsa kukondera kumasulira komwe kumafanana ndi gulu lomwe "limagwirizana chimodzimodzi ... kuziphunzitso zachikhristu." Kuphatikiza apo, ufulu wolemba umatengedwa potulutsa mawu obwerezabwereza m'Chigiriki chofanana ndi "ndipo," koma, "ndi" kwa "komanso kuwonjezera pamitu yomasulira. Zokondera zoonekeratu ndizokhudza zamulungu za Utatu zomwe zimatsimikizidwanso ndikudzipereka komwe kumati, "Chifukwa chake kwa Mulungu wathu wautatu ndi kwa anthu ake timapereka zomwe tachita."

Chipangano Chakale cha ESV chakhazikitsidwa pamalemba a Amasorete a Chiheberi omwe amapezeka mu Baibulo Hebraica Stuttgartensia (5th ed., 1997), ndi New Testament pamalemba achi Greek m'mabuku a 2014 a Chipangano Chatsopano cha Greek (5th okonzedwa ed.), Lofalitsidwa ndi United Bible Societies (UBS), ndi Novum Testamentum Grace (28th ed., 2012), lolembedwa ndi Nestle ndi Aland. Nthawi zina, ESV imatsata mawu achi Greek osiyana ndi ovuta (UBS5 / NA28) motero amakhala otsika molondola pamawu ovuta poyerekeza ndi COM. ESV imapereka mgwirizano pakati pa tanthauzo lenileni ndi kuwerenga. ESV ndiyoperewera kwenikweni kuposa NASB koma yakhala ikuwoneka bwino. 

Mawu a Mulungu mu Chichewa Chalero (CCL) 

Lockman Foundation (1971, 1977, 1995, & 2020)

Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_American_Standard_Bible

webusaitiyi: https://www.lockman.org/nasb-bible-info

Chofunsa cha wofalitsa ndikuti NASB siyesa kutanthauzira Lemba potanthauzira ndikuti NASB ikutsatira mfundo za kumasulira kofananako. Iwo anali ndi “njira yomasulira yovuta kwambiri komanso yovuta kwambiri” yomasulira kumasulira liwu ndi liwu molondola komanso momveka bwino. Njira imeneyi imatsata kwambiri malembedwe amawu ndi ziganizo za omwe analemba m'Baibulo kuti owerenga athe kuwerenga malembo m'njira yeniyeni. Nthaŵi zina, kusintha kunkachitika m'malemba oyambirirawo potengera mawu okuluwika a Chingerezi omwe amatanthauziridwa kwenikweni m'mawu am'munsi. Ngakhale kutanthauziraku kumatha kuwerengedwa, mphambu zowerengeka sizoposa za COM kapena ESV. ndipo kuwerenga ndikowonjezera. Ngakhale kuti NASB ndiyotanthauzira kwenikweni imamasuliridwa ndi kukondera kwa chiphunzitso cha Utatu ndipo imaphatikizaponso capitalization yochulukirapo komanso mitu yamagawo oyipitsa yomwe imasokoneza owerenga. 

Mtundu Wapamwamba Osati Woletsa Zoletsa

LEMBA LA TSIKU

Thomas Nelson ndi Ana, 1901

Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Standard_Version

Chiyanjano cha Amazon: https://amzn.to/30Qg25o

ASV, yofalitsidwa mu 1901 ngati "American Revision," idakhazikitsidwa pantchito yomwe idayamba mu 1870 kukonzanso King James Version ya 1611 (KJV). ASV, yopangidwa ndi maphunziro aku Britain ndi America, idalemekezedwa kwambiri chifukwa cha maphunziro ake komanso kulondola kwake. Malembo a ASV amawonetsa zomwe ena amawona kuti ndizowona kwenikweni ndipo, mofananamo, zimakhala zochepa kuti ziwerengedwe. ASV imagwiritsa ntchito mawu ambiri osadziwika m'makutu amakono ndipo amaphatikiza ziganizo zovuta. ASV ndi imodzi mwamasulira achingelezi akale kwambiri omwe ali ndi kulondola kwakukulu poyerekeza ndi zolemba zachi Greek zomwe zidatsutsidwa potengera kusuliza kwamakono kwamakono. ASV idakonza mavesi ena mu KJV ndipo m'malo ena idasiya mavesi okayikitsa omwe adalembedwa molakwika mu KJV. Mitundu iyi idasinthidwa kuti ikhale mawu am'munsi. Ngakhale ASV inali ndi chiwonetsero cha a Unitarian mu komiti yomasulira, zikuwonetsa kukondera kochokera ku Utatu kuyambira pomwe zisankho zidapangidwa kutengera ambiri amakomiti. ASV yakhala ikugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa zaka zambiri ndi Mboni za Yehova chifukwa imagwiritsa ntchito "Yehova" ngati Dzinalo Laumulungu. ASV yakhala maziko amitundu isanu ndi umodzi yotsatira ya Chingerezi kuphatikiza Revised Standard Version (RSV), yomwe idasindikizidwa koyamba mu 1952 kenako ndikusinthidwa mu 1971, ndi Revised English Version (REV) 2013-2021 yogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi anthu osagwirizana ndi Baibulo.

Zina Select Mabaibulo okhala ndi Zowona Zowona> 80%

Revised Standard Version (RSV), 1952 & 1971

New Revised Standard Version (NRSV), 1989

New American Bible (NAB), 1970

New English Translation (NET), 2006 & 2019

Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB), 1999- 2003, & 2009 

Revised English Version (REV), 2013-2021

Baibulo la King James Version (KJV) is Achinyengo

Mavesi angapo mu King James Version ya Chipangano Chatsopano sapezeka m'mabaibulo amakono. Akatswiri ambiri amawona mavesi omwe sanasiyidwe ngati mavesi omwe adawonjezeredwa m'malemba achi Greek. Chofunikira pamalingaliro osindikizidwa osachotsa mavesiwa chidangotengera ngati umboni wowoneka bwino ukuwonetsera kuti ndimeyo mwina inali m'zolemba zoyambirira za Chipangano Chatsopano kapena idawonjezeredwa pambuyo pake. Izi zikugwirizana ndi mfundo yosinthira, monga momwe alembera a Rev. Samuel T. Bloomfield mu 1832, "Zachidziwikire, palibe chokayikitsa chomwe chiyenera kuvomerezedwa mu" mawu otsimikizika "a 'Bukhu la Moyo'.” KJV ili ndi mavesi 26 ndi mavesi omwe sanasiyidwe kapena kubokedwa m'matanthauzidwe amakono omwe mwina sioyambirira. Mavesi awa akuphatikizapo Mateyu 17:21, 18:11, 20:16 (b), 23:14, Marko 6:11 (b), 7:16, 9:44, 9:46, 11,26, 15:28 , 15:28, 16: 9-20, Luka 4: 8 (b), 9: 55-56 17:36, 23:17, Yohane 5: 3-4, Yohane 7: 53-8: 11, Machitidwe 8 : 37, 9: 5-6, 13:42, 15:34, 23: 9 (b), 24: 6-8, 28:29, Aroma 16:24, ndi Comma Johanneum wa 1 Yohane 5: 7- 8. Ponena za kutha kwanthawi yayitali kwa Marko (16: 9-20), pali chifukwa chomveka chokayikira kuti mawuwa anali gawo la zolembedwa zoyambirira za Mauthenga Abwino, monga momwe Philip Shaff adanenera, "Malinga ndi kuweruza kwa otsutsa abwino, zigawo zikuluzikulu ziwirizi zikuwonjezerapo zolemba zoyambirira za miyambo ya atumwi. ” KJV ikuwonetsanso ziphuphu zovomerezeka zomwe mavesi adasinthidwa kuti athandizire ziphunzitso zaumulungu za Utatu. Zitsanzo khumi ndi ziwiri za ziphuphu zomwe zimalimbikitsa zaumulungu mu KJV zikuphatikiza Mateyu 24:36, Marko 1: 1, John 6:69, Machitidwe 7:59, Machitidwe 20:28, Akolose 2: 2, 1 Timoteo 3:16, Aheberi 2:16 , Yuda 1:25, 1 Yohane 5: 7-8, Chivumbulutso 1: 8, ndi Chivumbulutso 1: 10-11.

Zolemba zachi Greek za Chipangano Chatsopano zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga KJV zimadalira kwambiri zolemba pamanja zamtundu wa Byzantine. Ndi kuzindikira kwakanthawi kwa zolembedwa pamanja zakale kwambiri, akatswiri ambiri amakono amalemekeza umboni wa zolembedwa pamanja zomwe ndi za banja laku Alexandria ngati mboni zabwino pamiyambo yoyambirira ya omwe adalemba za m'Baibulo, osangofuna kuti izikhala zokha. Malembo Achigiriki a M'zaka za zana la 16 Novum Instrumentum onse yolembedwa ndi Desiderius Erasmus, yemwe pambuyo pake amadziwika kuti Textus Receptus, idathandizira kwambiri King James Version. Erasmus anali wansembe wachikatolika, yemwe adakhalabe membala wa Tchalitchi cha Katolika moyo wake wonse. Ankasangalalanso ndi dzina loti "Kalonga wa Asitikali." Kusindikiza kwake kwachitatu kwa 1522 kunali kolemba pamipukutu ya Chigiriki yochepera khumi ndi iwiri kuyambira m'zaka za zana la 12 mpaka 16th komabe idakhala mawu oyambira kumasulira kwa KJV. Zolembedwa pamanja zam'mbuyomu za Textus Receptus zinawonetsa kuwonjezeka kwa kusintha kwa alembi kwa zaka pafupifupi chikwi chimodzi ndipo zimasiyanasiyana mosiyanasiyana ndi zolembedwa pamanja zoyambirira zomwe zidalembedwa zaka mazana asanu pambuyo pa Khristu. 

Mavesi Abwino Kwambiri a Unitarian

Baibulo la Dziko Latsopano (biXNUMX)

Mzimu & Choonadi Chiyanjano Padziko Lonse, 2013-2021

Online REV Bible yokhala ndi Ndemanga: https://www.revisedenglishversion.com/Luke/1

REV idayamba ndi American Standard Version (ASV) ya 1901 ngati gawo loyambira. REV idapangidwa kuti izikhala yomasulira mawu paliponse pomwe kutanthauzira kwenikweni kumatha kuwonetsedwa molondola ndikumveka bwino mchilankhulo chamakono cha Chingerezi. Nthawi zina REV imachoka pamasuliridwe achikale kuti ikometse kuwerenga ndi kumva Chingerezi. Kumasulira kwenikweni kumatanthauza kukhala kovuta kuposa kuthandizira nthawi zina chifukwa zimango za Chi Greek ndi Chiheberi zimasiyana kwambiri ndi Chingerezi. Njira yawo ndikugwiritsa ntchito mawu ofanana ngati kumasulira kwenikweni kumasokoneza cholinga ichi kuti afotokozere tanthauzo la chilankhulo choyambirira. Kuwerenga kwa REV ndikofanana ndi ESV ndi RSV. 

Zolinga za omasulirawo zinali zolondola pa zaumulungu kuwonjezera pa kulondola kwa malembo. Amazindikira kuti zamulungu za womasulira nthawi zonse zimakhudza momwe Chigiriki kapena Chiheberi chimamasuliridwira mu Chingerezi, momwe Baibulo limamasuliridwira molondola "zimadalira momwe womasulira amamvetsetsa molondola zomwe Baibulo limatanthauza," ndi " kumasulira kulikonse kumatsimikizira zaumulungu wa womasulirayo. ” Amakhulupirira kuti owerenga Baibulo “amatumikiridwa bwino mwa kuŵerenga Baibulo lomwe lili lolondola mwaumulungu mmalo mochita kuwongolera malingaliro awo kapena kusinthanitsa mavesi amene atembenuzidwa ndi malingaliro ena azaumulungu.” Cholinga cha REV ndikuti awamasulire owerenga kuti athe kuthana ndi malingaliro olakwika okhudzana ndiumulungu omasulira ambiri. REV ndikutanthauzira kutengera malingaliro aku Unitarian ndipo amayesetsa kuti asakhale okondera a Utatu. Mtundu wa pa intaneti wa REV umaphatikizaponso ndemanga zomwe zimaperekedwa podina mavesi ena. 

Mulungu m'modzi, Atate, Munthu Mmodzi Messiah NT Translation (OGF)

Kubwezeretsa Kuyanjana, 2015 & 2020

Link Online: https://onegodtranslation.com/

Amazon ulalo: https://amzn.to/3vEUpn0

Kutembenuzidwa kwa OGF kwa Chipangano Chatsopano kwa Sir Anthony Buzzard sikutanthauzira kwenikweni kwa "liwu ndi liwu" koma ndikumasulira komasulira bwino kochokera mu Unitarian Unitarian, monga tafotokozera kumayambiriro,  "Tikupereka mtundu uwu wa Chipangano Chatsopano ndi cholinga chobwezeretsa chowonadi chakuti Mulungu ndi Munthu m'modzi, kuti Yesu ndiye Mesiya, Mwana wa Mulungu mwa chozizwitsa komanso kuti Uthenga Wabwino wopulumutsa ukunena za Ufumu wa Mulungu, monga momwe Yesu adalalikirira, ndi zonse Yesu adanena ndi kuchita kuphunzitsa m'njira ya kumoyo wosakhoza kuwonongeka mu Ufumu wa Mulungu mtsogolo. ”  Phindu lapadera la kutanthauziraku ndilakusanthula kwakumapeto komwe kwaperekedwa kumayambiriro ndi mawu am'munsi mwatsatanetsatane. Bukuli lakonzedwa kuti lithe kusamvana komwe kwafala chifukwa cha miyambo yopanda tanthauzo la m'Baibulo. 

Kutanthauzira kwa Chipangano Chakale kuchokera ku Ziyankhulo Zina

Malembo Achiheberi omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito ngati maziko omasulira ambiri a Chipangano Chakale mchizungu ndi a Amasorete Kubwezeretsa kutengera kwathunthu ku Leningrad Codex, yomwe idayamba 1008 AD Poyerekeza ndi umboni womwe tili nawo pamalemba achi Greek a Chipangano Chatsopano, uwu ndi mpukutu wolemba mochedwa kwambiri. Izi zidatha pambuyo pachi Greek Septuagint adamasuliridwa (zaka za zana lachitatu Khristu asanabadwe), Chiaramu Peshita (Zaka za 1 ndi 2 AD), kapena Chilatini Vulgate (M'zaka za zana lachinayi AD). Malinga ndi miyambo yachikhristu, Ayuda omwe sanali achikristu adayamba kusintha zolembedwa mu Chipangano Chakale kuti zisagwiritse ntchito ulosi wachipangano chakale wonena za kubwera kwa Khristu.

The Septuagint, matanthauzidwe achi Greek a Chipangano Chakale omwe adagwiritsidwa ntchito munthawi ya Chipangano Chatsopano komanso mu mpingo woyambirira, ayenera kudaliridwa kuposa Amasorete Mayeso achihebri omwe matanthauzidwe ambiri achingerezi amachokera. Izi ndi izi:

  • Mawu a Chipangano Chakale omwe amapezeka mu Chipangano Chatsopano amagwiritsa ntchito mawu a Septuagint.
  • Septuagint yakhazikika pamalemba achihebri osachepera zaka mazana khumi ndi awiri kutulirapo kuposa zolemba zomwe Amasoreti adakhazikitsidwa.
  • Septuagint idatchulidwa koyambirira kwa zolemba za Amasorete pafupifupi zaka khumi.
  • Chiyambire kupezeka kwa Mipukutu ya ku Dead Sea, tikudziwanso kuti Septuagint idachokera m'malemba akale achiheberi kuposa malembo a Amasorete.

Metropolitan Hilarion (Alfeyev) zolemba mu Chiphunzitso ndi Kuphunzitsa kwa Tchalitchi cha Orthodox:

… Maziko a zolembedwa za Chipangano Chakale mu miyambo ya Orthodox ndi Septuagint, matanthauzidwe achi Greek opangidwa ndi "omasulira makumi asanu ndi awiri" omwe adapangidwa m'zaka za zana lachitatu mpaka lachiwiri BCE kwa Ahebri aku Alexandria komanso Ayuda okhala kunja kwa Ayuda. Ulamuliro wa Septuagint wazikidwa pa zinthu zitatu. Choyambirira, ngakhale kuti mawu achi Greek siwoyimira m'mipukutu ya Chipangano Chakale, Septuagint imawonetsa momwe zolembedwazo zidakhalira momwe zikadapezekanso mzaka za zana lachitatu mpaka lachiwiri BCE, pomwe malembo achiheberi omwe alipo Baibulo, lomwe limatchedwa "Amasoreti," lidasinthidwa mpaka zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chitatu CE. Chachiwiri, mawu ena otengedwa mu Chipangano Chakale omwe amapezeka mu Chatsopano amagwiritsa ntchito mawu a Septuagint. Chachitatu, Septuagint idagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Greek Greek Fathers of the Church, komanso ma Orthodox literal services (mwanjira ina, mawuwa adakhala gawo la miyambo ya tchalitchi cha Orthodox). Pokumbukira zinthu zitatu zomwe tazitchula pamwambapa, St. Philaret waku Moscow akuwona kuti ndizotheka kunena kuti "mu chiphunzitso cha Orthodox cha Malemba Opatulika ndikofunikira kunena kuti kutanthauzira kunali koyenera kutanthauzira ... choyambirira ngakhale kuchikweza pamwamba pamalemba achihebri, monga momwe amavomerezera m'mabuku aposachedwa kwambiri (Orthodox Christianity, Volume II: Doctrine and Teaching of the Orthodox Church, (New York: St. Vladimir Seminary Press, 2012) p. 34) .

New English Translation ya Septuagint (NETS)

Oxford University Press (2007)

Ulalo wa Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_English_Translation_of_the_Septuagint

Chiyanjano cha Amazon: https://amzn.to/312ZrM0

The New English Translation of the Septuagint (NETS) ndikumasulira kwamakono kwa Septuagint (LXX), ndiwo malemba omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Akhristu olankhula Chigiriki ndi Ayuda akale. Omasulira a NETS adasankha matembenuzidwe abwino kwambiri a Septuagint, makamaka Göttingen Septuagint yayikulu ndipo adagwiritsa ntchito New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) ngati mawu oyambira. Omasulira a NETS adayesetsa kuti asunge NRSV mpaka momwe mawu achi Greek amatsogolera kapena kuloleza ndikuchotsanso chilankhulo chazomwe sizinaloledwe ndi zomwe zidalembedwazi. Zinayembekezeredwa kuti ubale pakati pa NETS ndi NRSV ungawonetse ubale womwe ulipo pakati pa LXX ndi mawu ake achiheberi, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti owerenga asavutike kusiyanitsa miyambo iwiriyo popanda kuphunzira kwambiri zilankhulo zoyambirira.

Septuagint ya Lexham English (LES)

Nkhani ya Lexham (2020)

Ulalo Wofalitsa: https://lexhampress.com/product/188040/the-lexham-english-septuagint-2nd-ed

Chiyanjano cha Amazon: https://amzn.to/3vNWT2r

The Lexham English Septuagint (LES) ndikutanthauzira kwatsopano kwa Septuagint kolemba pamitundu yosavuta, yamtundu umodzi. LES imapereka Chingerezi chenicheni, chowerengeka, komanso chowonekera kwa owerenga amakono. Kusunga mayina omwe amadziwika bwino ndi malo, a LES amapatsa owerenga kutha kuliwerenga limodzi ndi Chingerezi chomwe amakonda. LES imasunga tanthauzo la zolembedwa zoyambirira (mtundu wa Swete), ndikupangitsa Septuagint kupezeka kwa owerenga lero.

Buku Lopatulika Lakale Lakale Kum'mawa kwa Chiaramu Peshitta (Lamsa Bible)

Harper Mmodzi (1933 & 1985)

Ulalo wa Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamsa_Bible

Chiyanjano cha Amazon: https://amzn.to/3tAfEnM

Baibulo la Lamsa Paintaneti: https://www.studylight.org/bible/eng/glt

The Holy Bible from Ancient Eastern Manuscripts (Lamsa Bible) idasindikizidwa ndi George M. Lamsa mu 1933. Linachokera ku Syriac Peshitta, Baibulo logwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Tchalitchi cha Asuri cha Kum'mawa ndi miyambo ina yachikhristu yaku Syria. Lamsa, kutsatira chikhalidwe cha tchalitchi chake, adati Chipangano Chatsopano Chachiaramu chidalembedwa kale lachi Greek. Izi zikusiyana ndi mgwirizano wamaphunziro kuti chilankhulo cha Chipangano Chatsopano chinali Chi Greek. Pomwe zomwe Lamsa akuti Aramaic ndiwopambana zikukanidwa ndi ophunzira, kutanthauzira kwake kumakhalabe kotchuka kwambiri m'Chiaramu kutanthauzira kwachingerezi kwa Chipangano Chatsopano ndipo ndichofunika kwambiri pakufanizira miyambo yachiaramu kumasulira kwa matsenga ena. Lamsa Bible ndi lofunika kwambiri ngati mboni yakusintha kwa Chiaramu Chakale. Chipangano Chakale cha Lamsa chakhazikitsidwa Codex Ambrosianus yomwe yadziwika kuti zaka za zana lachisanu AD ndipo idalembedwa kale zolemba zilizonse za OT m'Chihebri (Leningrad Codex) pafupifupi zaka 500.

Onetsani Kulondola kwa Kumvetsetsa ndi Zowonjezera

Ngakhale tchati chili pansipa ndi chofananira osati chokwanira, chimapereka lingaliro la momwe "kulondola" pakumvetsetsa tanthauzo loyambirira la vesi kungasinthidwe ndikuphatikiza zida zophunzirira za Baibulo pofufuza zolemba zoyambirira kwambiri ndikuwerenga tanthauzo la mawu potengera momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito mchilankhulo choyambirira. Izi zimaperekanso chiwonetsero chazinthu zenizeni motsutsana kwenikweni.

Momwe Mungakwaniritsire ndi Zida Zophunzirira Baibulo

Kumvetsetsa kwa lembalo kumatha kusintha pogwiritsa ntchito zida zophunzirira Baibulo makamaka pophunzira Chilankhulo choyambirira. Zida izi zitha kupezeka zosindikizidwa, patsamba laulere kapena kuphatikizidwa m'mapulogalamu osiyanasiyana a pulogalamu yophunzirira Baibulo. 

Baibulo Lofanana 

Kuyerekezera Mabaibulo osiyanasiyana ndi chida chofunika kwambiri pophunzira Baibulo. Zomasulira zogwiritsidwa ntchito ziyenera kukhala ndi mulingo wolondola wovomerezeka (omwe akuchokera pamzere wapakati kupita kumanzere pa chithunzi pamwambapa). Izi zikuphatikiza ESV, NAS/NASB/NASU, ASV, NRSV, ndi RSV. Baibulo la Geneva Bible (GNV) ndilofotokozeranso bwino za miyambo yamalembedwe a KJV. REV (Revised English Version) ndi ndemanga ziyeneranso kufananizidwa ndi matembenuzidwe awa omwe ali ndi tsankho lachipembedzo lomwe liyenera kupezeka patsamba la REV. 

Strord's Concordance

Cholinga cha Strord's Concordance ndikupereka cholozera cha m'Baibulo. Izi zimathandiza owerenga kuti apeze mawu momwe amapezeka m'Baibulo. Mndandanda uwu umalola wophunzira Baibulo kuti apezenso mawu kapena ndime yomwe adawerengapo kale. Zimathandizanso owerenga kuyerekezera momwe mawu omwewo angagwiritsidwire ntchito kwina kulikonse m'Baibulo. Liwu lirilonse loyambirira limapatsidwa nambala yolowera mudikishonale la mawu achilankhulo choyambirira omwe adalembedwa kumbuyo kwa concordance. Izi zadziwika kuti "manambala a Strong". Concordance yayikulu imalemba mawu aliwonse omwe amapezeka mu KJV Bible motsatira zilembo ndi vesi lirilonse momwe amawonekeramo pamndandanda wa mawonekedwe ake m'Baibulo, ndi chidule cha zolembedwa zozungulira (kuphatikiza liwu lolembedwa). Kuwonekera kumanja kwa malembedwewo ndi nambala ya a Strong. Izi zimalola wogwiritsa ntchito concordance kuti ayang'ane tanthauzo la liwu loyambirira mudikishonale yogwirizana kumbuyo,

Zolowera

An Interlinear ndi Baibulo loyambirira kuphatikizidwa ndi kumasulira kwachingerezi ndipo nthawi zambiri limakhala ndi zowonjezera ngati mawonekedwe a grid pansi pamanja pamanja monga lemma, nambala ya Strong, morphological tagging (parsing). Mawebusayiti ena omwe ali ndi zida zama interlinear alembedwa pansipa.

Lexicon / Mtanthauzira mawu

leononi ndichilankhulo cha chilankhulo kapena mutu. Madikishonale amatanthauzadi, ngakhale kuti lexicon nthawi zambiri imafotokoza chilankhulo chakale kapena mawu apadera a wolemba kapena gawo lowerengera. M'zinenero, leononi chiwerengero chonse cha mawu ndi zinthu zamawu zomwe zimakhala ndi tanthauzo. Lexicon zachokera ku Greek lexikon (Baibulo) kutanthauza "mawu (buku)."

Kuyika Kwa Morphological (Kuthana)

Mamapu a Tagging Morphological, osati lemma okha (mawonekedwe oyambira a mawu), koma chidziwitso china cha galamala chokhudza mawu monga gawo la zolankhula, muzu, tsinde, zovuta, munthu, ndi zina zambiri.

Zolemba Zovuta (Zovuta)

The Critical Text ndi mawu achi Greek a Chipangano Chatsopano omwe amachokera pagulu la zolembedwa pamanja zakale zachi Greek ndi mitundu yake poyesa kusunga mawu olondola kwambiri potengera kusuliza kwamakono kwamakono. Ndi kupezeka kwa malembo apamanja atsopano, Critical Text idasinthidwa kambiri. Pakadali pano, Novum Testamentum Grace, mawu a Nestle-Aland (omwe tsopano ndi a 28) ndi omwe amafala kwambiri, komanso Chipangano Chatsopano cha Greek lofalitsidwa ndi United Bible Societies (UBS5). Onani zambiri pa ulalo wa wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novum_Testamentum_Graece

Zida Zovuta

Chida chovuta kwambiri pakutsutsa malemba azinthu zoyambira, ndi dongosolo lokonzekera la zolemba kuti ziwonetsere, m'malemba amodzi, mbiri yakale yovuta komanso kuwerenga kosiyana kwa malembawo mumpangidwe wachidule wothandiza kwa owerenga mwakhama ndi akatswiri. Zidazi nthawi zambiri zimakhala ndi mawu am'munsi, mawu achidule okhazikika a zolembedwa pamanja, ndi zizindikilo zowonetsa zovuta zomwe zimabwerezedwa (chizindikiro chimodzi pamtundu uliwonse wa zolakwika za alembi). Zosankha zapamwamba zamapulogalamu zomwe zili m'munsimu zimapereka kulumikizana ndi zolemba ndi zida zofunikira. Kufikira zida zotsogola (NA-28 ndi UBS-5) sikupezeka kwaulere. Nawa maulalo angapo ku zida zina zaulere zomwe zikupezeka pa intaneti.

Zida Zaulere Zophunzirira Baibulo Paintaneti

    Mapulogalamu Aulere a Android / iPhone / iPad

    Pulogalamu Yaulere Yophunzirira Baibulo pa PC 

    Mapulogalamu a Advanced Bible & Resources

    Pansipa pali zosankha zamapulogalamu ndi zothandizira zomwe zimapezeka kudzera mu Olive Tree, Accordance ndi Logos.

    Mapulogalamu a OliveTree Bible

    Kutsitsa Kwaulere: https://www.olivetree.com/bible-study-apps/

    Zida Zoyambira

    Zida Zapakatikati

    Zowonjezera Zachi Greek

    Zida Zapamwamba Zachihebri

    Accordance Bible Software (Njira A)

    Phukusi lalikulu lovomerezeka ndi Accordance Bible Software (Njira A) ndipo phukusi lovomerezeka lachi Greek ndi Accordance Bible Software (Njira B). 

    Starter Collection 13 - Zapadera Zachi Greek

    Tsamba lazamalonda: https://www.accordancebible.com/product/starter-collection-13-greek-language-specialty/

    Ili ndiye phukusi lazinthu zofunikira zomwe zimaphatikizapo magwiridwe antchito apakati ndi zida zamphamvu. Ndikulimbikitsanso kuti muwonjezere Comprehensive NT (COM) pansipa.

    Comprehensive NT (COM) yokhala ndi Bible Cross-References

    Tsamba lazamalonda: https://www.accordancebible.com/product/comprehensive-bible-cross-references/

    Kutanthauzira kolondola komanso kosavuta kuwerengera Chipangano Chatsopano chokhala ndi zolemba mwatsatanetsatane ndi malifalensi atsatanetsatane. 

    Mitundu yoposa 15,000 m'mipukutu yakale yamasuliridwa m'mawu am'munsi.

    Comprehensive NT (COM) imangopezeka mu digito pa Accordance.  

     

    Accordance Bible Software (Njira B)

    Greek Pro Collection 13

    Tsamba lazamalonda: https://www.accordancebible.com/product/greek-pro-collection-accordance-13/

    Ili ndi pulogalamu yapa pulogalamu yomwe ili ndi zida zonse zoyeserera zachi Greek. Izi zikuphatikizanso Comprehensive NT (COM).

    Pezani zina 20% kuchotsera pogwiritsa ntchito nambala ya kuponi "Switcher"

    Logos Bible Software

    Logos 9 Zazikulu

    Tsamba lazamalonda: https://www.accordancebible.com/product/basic-starter-collection-accordance-13/

    Ili ndiye pulogalamu yayikulu yamapulogalamu. Mutha kuwonjezera pazomwe mungayankhe payekhapayekha. Pazinthu zoyenera, onani zomwe zalembedwa pa OliveTree Bible Software. Dziwani kuti Comprehensive NT (COM) sichipezeka pa Logos. 

    Verbum 9 Maphunziro Ophunzira

    Tsamba lazamalonda: https://www.logos.com/product/195565/verbum-9-academic-professional

    Awa ndi mapulogalamu apamwamba omwe amakonda ma Logos koma samaphatikizapo Comprehensive NT (COM yomwe imapezeka pa Accordance).