Chilamulo ndi Sabata motsutsana ndi Pangano Latsopano
Chilamulo ndi Sabata motsutsana ndi Pangano Latsopano

Chilamulo ndi Sabata motsutsana ndi Pangano Latsopano

Malamulo Khumi ndi Chilamulo cha Mose

Ndizosangalatsa kuzindikira kumasulira kwachiyuda kwa Deuteronomo 5:22. (Soncino Chumash, A. Cohen, ed., Soncino Press, 1968, tsamba 1019). Kulengeza kwamalamulo kuchokera ku Sinai "sikunapitirirebe" Sizinali (monga momwe matembenuzidwe ena amatanthauzira) kuti Mulungu sanawonjezere mawu ena, ndikupangitsa malamulo khumiwo kukhala malamulo apadera osiyana ndi malamulo ena onse, koma kuti anthu, monga momwe nkhaniyi ikupitilira (Deut. 5: 22-28), samatha kumva mawu a Mulungu. Poyankha Mulungu anapitiliza ndi kulengeza kwa lamuloli kudzera mwa Mose. Pachifukwa ichi malamulo khumi akulekanitsidwa ndi malamulo ena onse chifukwa Mulungu adasokonezedwa ndikuopa kwambiri anthu. Palibe pena paliponse kuti onse khumi (omwe akuphatikizapo lamulo la Sabata loyimira dongosolo lonse la Sabata) amakhala omvera kwa amuna onse nthawi zonse. Malamulo khumi ndi gawo lamalamulo onse omwe adapatsidwa kwa Israeli. Mu 2 Akorinto 3, Paulo mwadala anasiyanitsa kukhazikika kwa malamulo khumiwo monga kachitidwe ka malamulo ndi mzimu watsopano wa lamulo womwe umadziwika ndi chikhulupiriro chachikhristu. Dongosolo lakale "lidadza ndiulemerero" (v. 7), komaulemererowo wapitilira ndikuwongolera kwatsopano kwa mzimu. Lamulo lomwe lidaperekedwa ku Sinai lidalembedwa pamiyala (kutanthauza malamulo khumi a Eks. 34:28, 29), koma "kalata" yolembedwa ndi mzimu wa Khristu mu mtima (v. 3) ndiyabwino kwambiri . Paulo sananene kuti lamulo loperekedwa kudzera mwa Mose linali "lamulo losatha la Mulungu."

Mu Machitidwe 15 padachitika khonsolo yothana ndi vuto lalikulu lomwe linayambitsidwa ndi akhristu ena achiyuda omwe anali "kuphunzitsa abale kuti pokhapokha mutadulidwa monga mwa mwambo wa Mose, simungapulumuke… Okhulupirira ena omwe anali Afarisi anaimirira ndipo adati, Kuyenera kuwadula, ndi kuwauza kuti asunge chilamulo cha Mose ”(Machitidwe 15: 1, 5). Kuyankha kwa Petro kukuwonetsa kusintha kwakukulu kwa mfundo zomwe Mulungu ndi Mesiya adatsogolera bungwe lapadziko lonse la akhristu: kupirira? Koma tikhulupirira kuti tidzapulumutsidwa mwa chisomo cha Ambuye Yesu, monganso iwo ”(Machitidwe 15: 10-11). Kungakhale kutsutsana kotheratu kwa Lemba kunena kuti Tora mu mawonekedwe ake a Mose inali dalitso losasakanikirana ndi Israeli! Panali zambiri zomwe cholinga chake chinali kudzudzula mwamphamvu ndipo cholinga chake chinali kukhazikitsa chotchinga pakati pa Israeli ndi mayiko. Pansi pa Pangano Latsopano, monga adafotokozera Petro, Mulungu tsopano wapereka mzimu woyera kwa Amitundu komanso kwa Ayuda, "ndipo sanasiyanitse ife ndi iwo, koma anatsuka mitima yawo ndi chikhulupiriro" (Machitidwe 15: 9). Kunali kulandila kwanzeru kwa Uthenga Wabwino wa Ufumu wa Mulungu komwe kunatsuka mitima ya aliyense amene anakhulupirira Uthenga Wabwino pamene Yesu anali kulalikira (Maliko 1: 14-15; Maliko 4: 11-12; Mat. 13:19; Luka 8) : 11-12; Yohane 15: 3; Machitidwe 26:18; Aroma 10:17; 5 Yohane 20:53; Yes 11:XNUMX).

Paulo akunena za pangano la Sinai, pomwe malamulo khumi adaperekedwa, ndikupangitsa ukapolo: "Pangano lochokera ku phiri la Sinai likubala ana omwe ali akapolo" (Ag 4:24). M'ndime ina Paulo akufotokoza miyala iwiri, yomwe mwina inali makope awiri a malamulo khumi, ngati "utumiki woweruza ndi imfa" (2Akor 3: 7-9). Malamulo khumiwo sali mawu otsiriza a Mulungu kwa munthu. Anali mpambo wamalamulo woti usinthidwe ndi malamulo apamwamba masiku ano okhudzana ndi mawu a Yesu ndi Atumwi: Tiyenera kusamala "mawu amene ananenedwa kale ndi aneneri oyera, ndi lamulo la anu Atumwi osankhidwa ndi Ambuye ndi Mpulumutsi ”(2 Pet 3: 2). Mawu Achipangano Chatsopano awa sanangobwereza za Mose.

Chiyambi cha Kusunga Sabata

Kutengera pa Genesis 2: 2, 3 ndi Ekisodo 20: 8-11, zimanenedwa kuti tsiku la Sabata lidakhazikitsidwa popanga monga mpumulo wamlungu uliwonse kwa anthu onse kuyambira Adamu kupita mtsogolo. Nkhani iyi yakuyambira kwa kusunga Sabata sabata iliyonse ikuyang'ana izi:

  1. Ekisodo 16:23: Sabata lavumbulutsidwa kwa Israeli ndi Mulungu. Ambuye akuti, "Mawa ndi sabata, Sabata lopatulika la Yehova." Palibe chonena apa kuti mpumulo wa tsiku lachisanu ndi chiwiri udakhala ukugwira ntchito kuyambira nthawi yolengedwa. Mulungu sananene kuti: "Mawa ndilo Sabata lapatsidwa kwa mitundu yonse kuyambira pachiyambi." Mose akuwonjezera kuti: “Taonani, Yehova wakupatsani [Israyeli] sabata; chifukwa chake amakupatsani inu mkate wamasiku awiri tsiku lachisanu ndi chimodzi. Khalani yense m'malo mwake; munthu aliyense asatuluke m'malo mwake tsiku lachisanu ndi chiwiri ”(Eks. 16:29). Ngati Mulungu adapereka Sabata kwa Israeli mu Ekisodo 16, kodi anali kuwachotsa mwa anthu onse? Ndizodabwitsa kwambiri kuti ngati kusunga Sabata kudavumbulutsidwa ngati lamulo laumulungu kuchokera ku chilengedwe cha fuko lirilonse Mulungu akadatchula Israeli ngati mtundu wokakamizidwa kusunga Sabata.
  2. Nehemiya 9:13, 14: Chiyambi cha kusunga Sabata sabata iliyonse sichinalengedwe, koma ku Sinai: “Pamenepo munatsikira pa phiri la Sinai, ndipo munayankhula nawo kuchokera kumwamba; Munawapatsa maweruzo olungama, ndi malamulo owona, malemba abwino ndi malamulo. Ndipo munawadziwitsa Sabata lanu lopatulika, ndipo munawaikira malamulo, ndi malemba, ndi chilamulo, mwa dzanja la mtumiki wanu Mose.
  3. Nehemiya 10: 29-33: Sabata lamlungu ndi sabata ndi gawo la malamulo a Mulungu operekedwa kudzera mwa Mose ndipo motero ndi gawo limodzi la machitidwe onse a Sabata omwe adawululidwa ku Sinai: lamulo, lomwe linaperekedwa kudzera mwa Mose, mtumiki wa Mulungu, ndi kusunga ndi kusunga malamulo onse a Mulungu wathu Ambuye, ndi maweruzo Ake ndi malangizo ake. Anthu a mdziko amene amabweretsa katundu kapena tirigu aliyense pa tsiku la Sabata kugulitsa, sitidzagula kwa iwo tsiku la Sabata kapena tsiku lopatulika; ndipo tidzasiyira zokolola chaka chachisanu ndi chiwiri… Tinafunikanso kupereka chaka ndi chaka gawo limodzi la magawo atatu a sekeli ku ntchito ya nyumba ya Mulungu wathu: mkate wowonekera, ndi nsembe yaufa yanthawi zonse, ndi nsembe yopsereza yosalekeza, masabata, mwezi watsopano, wa nthawi zoikidwiratu, za zinthu zopatulika, ndi za nsembe zamachimo zochitira chotetezera Israyeli, ndi ntchito zonse za nyumba ya Mulungu wathu. ” Zindikirani kuti Israeli anali womangidwa ku dongosolo lonse la Masabata ndi masiku opatulika.
  4. Cholinga cha Sabata, ngakhale chikuwonetsa mpumulo wa Mulungu polenga, ndichokumbukira kutuluka kwa mtundu wa Israeli kuchokera ku Aigupto. Ichi ndichifukwa chake lamulo lachinayi linaperekedwa: "Uzikumbukira kuti unali kapolo m'dziko la Aigupto, ndipo Yehova Mulungu wako anakutulutsa m'menemo ndi dzanja lamphamvu ndi dzanja lotambasula; chifukwa chake Yehova Mulungu wanu anakulamulirani [Israeli, osati anthu kuyambira pa chilengedwe] kuti muzisunga tsiku la Sabata ”(Deut. 5:15).
  5. Pangano lomwe lidapangidwa ndi Israeli ku Horebe silinapangidwe ndi makolo (Abrahamu, Isaki ndi Yakobo). Malamulo khumiwo sangathe kuyimira lamulo lina lapadziko lonse lapansi lomwe laperekedwa kwa anthu onse. Lemba la Deuteronomo 5: 3 limanena mosapita m'mbali kuti: "Yehova sanapangane pangano ili ndi makolo athu." Sabata lidaperekedwa kwa Israeli ngati chizindikiro cha ubale wapadera wa Mulungu ndi Israeli, "kuti adziwe kuti Ine ndine Yehova amene ndimawayeretsa" (Ezek. 20:12). Izi sizingakhale ndi tanthauzo ngati Sabata likufunidwa kumitundu yonse. Chizindikiro ichi ndikuti Mulungu amachita ndi mtundu umodzi, Israeli.
  6. Ayuda akuyenera kutamandidwa chifukwa chomvetsetsa za chiyambi cha Sabata lawo ladziko. Mu Jubilee 2: 19-21, 31 timaphunzira kuti: "Mlengi wa zinthu zonse… sanayeretse anthu ndi mafuko onse kuti azisunga Sabata pamenepo, koma Israyeli yekha."

Chitsimikizo cha zolemba za m'Baibulo zomwe tazitchula pamwambapa chimachokera m'mabuku achirabi. Genesis Rabbah akunena kuti tsiku lachisanu ndi chiwiri la kulenga linali Sabata la Mulungu, koma osati laumunthu. M'buku la Mishnah pansi pa Shabbata, timapeza kuti "ngati Wamitundu adzafika kudzazimitsa moto, sayenera kunena kuti, 'usazimitse,' popeza [Israeli] sakuyankha mlandu wosunga Sabata." Chifukwa cha ichi ndi chakuti "Sabata ndi pangano losatha pakati pa Ine ndi ana a Israeli, koma osati pakati pa Ine ndi mayiko adziko lapansi" (Melkita, Shabbata, 1).

Kuchokera m'ndimezi zikuwonekeratu kuti malamulo onse, kuphatikiza Sabata sabata iliyonse, tsiku lopatulika Sabata la sabata lachisanu ndi chiwiri (Pentekoste), tsiku lopatulika Sabata la mwezi wachisanu ndi chiwiri (Malipenga), mwezi watsopano ndi masiku ena oyera , chaka cha chisanu ndi chiwiri Sabata ndi Chaka Choliza Lipenga patatha zaka makumi anayi mphambu zisanu ndi zinayi, zonse zinali gawo la dongosolo la Sabata lomwe linaperekedwa kwa Israeli kudzera mwa Mose. Mpumulo wamlungu uliwonse unali wokumbukira Ekisodo ya Aisraeli (Deut 5:15). N'chifukwa chake Ezekieli ananena kuti Mulungu “anatulutsa [Aisraeli] m'dziko la Aigupto, nawaloŵetsa m'chipululu; Ndinawapatsa malamulo anga ndi kuwauza za malamulo anga, amene, ngati munthu [Mwaisrayeli] azitsatira adzakhala ndi moyo. Ndinawapatsanso Masabata Anga [unyinji] kuti ukhale chizindikiro pakati pa Ine ndi iwo [Israeli], kuti adziwe kuti Ine ndine Yehova amene ndimawapatula. ndipo zidzakhala chizindikiro pakati pa Ine ndi inu, kuti mudziwe kuti Ine ndine Yehova Mulungu wanu ”(Ezek 20: 10-12, 20).

Kuchokera pazambirizi sizikadatha kuzindikira kuti dongosolo la Sabata lidalangizidwa pa anthu kuyambira kulengedwa kupita mtsogolo. Ndime zonsezi za Lemba, zotsimikizika ndi zolemba zina zachiyuda, zimaloza ku Sabata ngati chizindikiro chapadera cha ubale wa Mulungu ndi mtundu umodzi wosankhidwa. Popeza kuti lemba la Deuteronomo 5:15 limafotokoza kumene Sabata linayambira, kodi n'chifukwa chiyani lemba la Ekisodo 20:11 limagwirizana ndi chilengedwe? Yankho ndikuti Mulungu adapumuladi tsiku lachisanu ndi chiwiri pachilengedwe. Komabe, lembalo (Gen 2: 3) silinena kuti Iye adalamula Adamu ndi anthu kuti apumule tsiku lililonse lachisanu ndi chiwiri. Akadanena izi, Sabata silingakhale chikumbutso cha Kutuluka kwa Aisraeli (Deut 5:15). Chowonadi ndichakuti ambiri amawerenga molakwika lemba la Genesis 2: 3 kutanthauza kuti Mulungu adapuma tsiku lachisanu ndi chiwiri ndikudalitsa tsiku lililonse lachisanu ndi chiwiri kuyambira pamenepo, ndikulamula anthu kuti apumule tsiku lomwelo. Kwenikweni anali Mulungu yekhayo amene adapumula polenga ndipo patsiku lachisanu ndi chiwiri lokha lomwe adamaliza kulenga Kwake. Sizinapitirire zaka zikwizikwi pambuyo pake pamene Iye anagwiritsa ntchito mpumulo Wake wa tsiku lachisanu ndi chiwiri pa chilengedwe monga chitsanzo kuti adziwitse Sabata lirilonse lachisanu ndi chiwiri lopatsidwa kwa Israeli. Mulungu yekha adapuma tsiku loyamba lachisanu ndi chiwiri ndipo pambuyo pake adaulula tsiku lachisanu ndi chiwiri kwa Israeli ngati Sabata lokhalitsa (Ex 16). Sabata la sabata limapezeka m'malamulo khumi, omwe amafotokozera mwachidule chilamulo choperekedwa kudzera mwa Mose kwa Israeli, koma sichiyenera kupatulidwa ku mpumulo wonse wa Sabata woperekedwa ku Israeli, sabata iliyonse, mwezi uliwonse, pachaka, zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri komanso pa Jubilee .

A Claus Westermann, mu ndemanga yake yokhudza Genesis 1-11, akufotokozera mwachidule zomwe adapeza pokhudzana ndi komwe Sabata lidayamba: m'mawu awa ”(tsamba 237)

Yesu ndi ophunzira ake sakhululukidwa pa tsiku lachisanu ndi chiwiri Sabata

Mateyu akunena kuti ansembe akugwira ntchito mu Kachisi sanali womangidwa ndi tsiku lachisanu ndi chiwiri la Sabata (Mat 12: 5). Sichinali tchimo kuti ansembe amenewo aswe Sabata. Monga Yesu ananenera, iye ndi omutsatira akuyimira unsembe watsopano wauzimu (Mat 12: 4-5) ndipo iyemwini ndiye Mkulu Wansembe watsopano. Kusunga Sabata la tsiku lachisanu ndi chiwiri ndi gawo la dongosolo lakale. Titha kunena kuti lamuloli, potulutsa ansembe pamalamulo a Sabata pomwe amagwira ntchito mu Kachisi, lidawonetsera ufulu wa Akhristu ku lamulo la Sabata pomwe pano akuchita ntchito ya Mulungu tsiku lililonse sabata. Musalole kuti wina akupatseni chiweruzo chokhudza chikondwerero, kapena mwezi watsopano kapena Sabata (Akoloso 2:16) Monga nsembe za Chipangano Chakale zinali mthunzi wa Khristu, momwemonso Sabata (Akol 2: 17) . Kumasulidwa kwa ansembe pakusunga Sabata kunatanthauza nthawi pamene iwo omwe amamvera Mulungu adzachita izi potsatira pangano latsopano lomwe lidakwaniritsidwa, osati monga lomwe Mulungu adapangana ndi makolo (Ahe 8: 7-13) Ifenso timakonda kukhala ndi moyo miyala ikumangidwa ngati nyumba yauzimu, kuti ukhale unsembe wopatulika, wopereka nsembe zauzimu zovomerezeka kwa Mulungu kudzera mwa Yesu Khristu. (1Pet 2: 5) Mwa Khristu ndife anthu osankhidwa, ansembe achifumu, mtundu wopatulika, anthu ake. (1 Pet 2: 9) Yesu adatikonda ndipo adatimasula ku machimo athu ndi mwazi wake natipanga ife ufumu, ansembe kwa Mulungu ndi Atate wake (Chiv 1: 5-6, Chiv 5:10, Chiv 20: 6) . Monga ansembe achifumu, Khristu ndi iwo omwe ali mwa Khristu alibe mlandu woipitsa Sabata. (Mat 12: 5) Khristu ndiye Sabata lathu (Mat 11: 28-29). Anati Bwerani kwa ine ndipo ndikupatsani mpumulo pomwe ophunzira ake akuimbidwa mlandu wophwanya sabata. (Mat 11: 28-30 lotsatiridwa ndi Matt 12: 1-8) Lero ndi tsiku lolowa mu mpumulo wa Mulungu - lero ngati mumva mawu ake musaumitse mitima yanu. (Ahebri 4: 7) Ngati Yoswa akadawapatsa mpumulo, Mulungu sakadalankhulanso za tsiku lina mtsogolomo. (Ahebri 4: 8) Tsikulo lafika ndipo patsalira mpumulo kwa anthu a Mulungu (Ahe 4: 9-10). Chifukwa chake yesetsani kulowa mpumulowo, kuti wina angagwe ndi kusamvera komweku - kuuma mtima. (Ahebri 4:11)  Lonjezo lolowa mu mpumulo wa Mulungu lilipobe, pakuti ife amene takhulupirira timalowa mpumulowo (Ahe 4: 1-3)

Mateyu 12: 1-7 (ESV), Ansembe m'kachisi amadetsa Sabata ndipo alibe mlandu

1 Panthawi imeneyo Yesu adadutsa m'minda yambewu pa Sabata. Ophunzira ake anali ndi njala, ndipo anayamba kubudula ngala ndi kudya2 Koma Afarisi pakuwona, adati kwa Iye,Taonani, akuphunzira anu achita chosaloleka tsiku la Sabata. " 3 Iye anati kwa iwo, “Kodi simunawerenge zimene Davide anachita pamene anali ndi njala ndi onse amene anali naye4 m'mene analowa m'nyumba ya Mulungu, ndi kudya mkate wa Chiwombolo, umene sunaloledwa kudya iye kapena iwo amene anali naye, koma ansembe okhaokha.5 Kapena simunawerenge?6 Ndinena ndi inu, woposa kachisi ali pano. 7 Ndipo mukadadziwa tanthauzo la ichi, Ndikufuna chifundo, osati nsembe, simukadatsutsa osalakwa.

Akolose 2: 16-17 (ESV), Asapereke chiweruzo kwa inu - pankhani ya chikondwerero kapena mwezi watsopano kapena Sabata

16 Chifukwa chake pasapezeke munthu wakuweruzani pa nkhani ya chakudya kapena chakumwa, kapena chikondwerero, kapena mwezi watsopano, kapena Sabata. 17 Izi ndizo mthunzi chabe wa zinthu zakudza, koma thupi ndi la Khristu.

Ahebri 8: 6-13 (ESV), ndidzakhazikitsa pangano latsopano - osati monga ndinapangana ndi makolo awo

6 Koma tsopano, Khristu walandira utumiki womwe ndi wabwino kwambiri kuposa wakale monga pangano lomwe amalankhulira ndilabwino, popeza limakhazikitsidwa ndi malonjezo abwinoko.. 7 Pangano loyamba lija likadakhala lopanda chilema sakadafunsidwapo lachiwirilo. 8 pakuti amawapeza olakwa pamene akuti: “Taonani, masiku adza, ati Yehova, pamene ndidzakhazikitsa pangano latsopano ndi nyumba ya Israeli ndi nyumba ya Yuda, 9 osati monga ndinapangana ndi makolo awo tsiku limene ndinawagwira dzanja kuwatulutsa m'dziko la Aigupto. Popeza sanapitirize pangano langa, sindinawaganizire, 'watero Yehova. 10 Pakuti ili ndi pangano ndidzapangana ndi nyumba ya Israyeli pambuyo pa masiku aja, ati Yehova; Ndidzaika malamulo anga m mindsmaganizo mwawo, ndipo alembe pamitima yawo. ndipo ndidzakhala Mulungu wawo, ndipo iwo adzakhala anthu anga. 11 Ndipo sadzaphunzitsa, yense mnansi wake, ndi yense mbale wake, kuti, Dziwani Ambuye, pakuti onse adzandidziwa, kuyambira wamng'ono kufikira wamkuru; 12 Pakuti ndidzakhala wachifundo ku zoipa zawo, ndipo sindidzakumbukiranso machimo awo. ” 13 Ponena za pangano latsopano, akupanga loyambalo kukhala lotha ntchito. Ndipo zomwe zikutha ntchito ndikukalamba ndizokonzeka kutha.

1 Petro 2: 4-5 (ESV), Kumangidwanso monga nyumba yauzimu, kukhala unsembe wopatulika

4 Momwe mukubwera kwa iye, mwala wamoyo wokanidwa ndi anthu koma pamaso pa Mulungu wosankhidwa ndi wamtengo wapatali, 5 inu nokha monga miyala yamoyo mukumangidwa ngati nyumba yauzimu, kuti mukhale ansembe oyera mtima, operekera nsembe zauzimu, zolandirika kwa Mulungu mwa Yesu Khristu.

1 Petro 2: 9 (ESV), Ansembe achifumu, mtundu wopatulika, anthu okhala nacho chake

9 Koma inu ndinu mtundu wosankhidwa, ansembe achifumu, mtundu woyera, anthu a chuma chakechake, kuti mulengeze zabwino za Iye amene adakuyitanani mumdima, mulowe mkuunika kwake kodabwitsa.

Chivumbulutso 1: 5-6 (ESV), Anatipanga kukhala ufumu, ansembe kwa Mulungu wake ndi Atate

5 ndi kwa Yesu Khristu mboni yokhulupirika, woyamba kubadwa wa akufa, ndi wolamulira mafumu padziko lapansi.
To iye amene amatikonda ndi kutimasula ife ku machimo athu ndi mwazi wake 6 natipanga ife kukhala ufumu, ansembe a Mulungu wake ndi Atate wake, kwa Iye kukhale ulemerero ndi ulamuliro ku nthawi za nthawi. Amen.

Chivumbulutso 5: 9-10 (ESV), Mwawasandutsa ufumu ndi ansembe kwa Mulungu wathu

9 Ndipo adayimba nyimbo yatsopano, akunena, "Muyenera inu kuti mutenge mpukutuwo ndi kutsegula zisindikizo zake chifukwa munaphedwa, ndipo ndi mwazi wanu munawombola anthu kwa Mulungu kuchokera ku mafuko ndi manenedwe ndi anthu ndi mitundu, 10 ndipo munawasandutsa ufumu ndi ansembe kwa Mulungu wathu; ndipo adzachita ufumu padziko lapansi. "

Chivumbulutso 20: 6 (ESV), Adzakhala ansembe a Mulungu ndi a Khristu

6 Wodala ndi woyera mtima ndiye amene achita nawo kuuka koyamba! Pa iwowa imfa yachiwiri ilibe mphamvu, koma adzakhala ansembe a Mulungu ndi a Khristu, Ndipo adzachita ufumu pamodzi ndi iye zaka chikwi.

Mateyu 11: 28-30 (ESV), Idzani kuno kwa Ine nonsenu ogwira ntchito ndi olemedwa, ndipo ndidzakupumulitsani

28 Idzani kuno kwa ine nonsenu ogwira ntchito ndi olemedwa, ndipo ndidzakupumulitsani. 29 Senzani goli langa, ndipo phunzirani kwa ine; chifukwa ndili wofatsa ndi wodzichepetsa mtima, mudzapeza mpumulo wa miyoyo yanu. 30 Pakuti goli langa liri lofewa, ndi katundu wanga ali wopepuka. "

Ahebri 4: 7-11 (ESV), If Yoswa anawapatsa mpumulo, Mulungu sakanalankhulanso za tsiku lina mtsogolo mwake

7 Ndipo adzaikanso tsiku lina;Today, "Akunena kudzera mwa Davide nthawi yayitali pambuyo pake, m'mawu omwe atchulidwa kale,"Lero, ngati mumva mawu ake, musawumitse mitima yanu. " 8 pakuti ngati Yoswa anawapatsa mpumulo, Mulungu sakanalankhulanso za tsiku lina mtsogolo mwake. 9 Kotero tsono, utsalira mpumulo wa Sabata wa anthu a Mulungu, 10 Pakuti aliyense amene walowa mu mpumulo wa Mulungu anapumulanso ku ntchito zake monga Mulungu anachitira ndi zake. 11 Tiyeni tsopano tiyesetse kulowa mpumulowo, kuti wina angagwe ndi kusamvera komweku.

Ahebri 4: 1-3 (ESV), Ife amene takhulupirira timalowa mpumulowo

1 Chifukwa chake, lonjezo lolowa mu mpumulo wake likadalipo, tiwope kuti wina wa inu angawoneke ngati walephera kuzipeza. 2 Pakuti uthenga wabwino unadzera kwa ife monganso iwo, koma uthenga umene adawamva sunapindule nawo, chifukwa sanaphatikizidwe ndi chikhulupiriro ndi iwo akumvera. 3 Pakuti ife amene takhulupirira timalowa mpumulowo, monga adanena, Monga ndinalumbira mu mkwiyo wanga, Sadzalowa mpumulo wanga,

Sabata lathu ndi Khristu

Chofunika tsopano ndi Khristu ndi malamulo ake. Iye ndi lamulo lake latsopano ndiye kukwaniritsidwa kwa mthunziwo. Mwa iye tiyenera kuyesetsa "Sabata" yokhazikika, tsiku lililonse sabata. Nzosadabwitsa, kuti Mateyo akuphatikizira mawu otchuka a Yesu onena za kubwera kwa iye kudzapeza mpumulo munthawi yomweyo monga mkangano wakudzula ngala pa Sabata (Mat 11: 28-12: 8). 

Mateyu akuwonetsa zakusintha kwa Sabata momwe amalemba Yesu akunena kuti ansembe amatha kuphwanya Sabata ndikukhala opanda cholakwa (Mat. 12: 5-6). Ansembe omwe amaswa Sabata mosalakwa, ndiye kuti, samangidwa ndi Sabata pomwe amagwira ntchito pachihema kapena kachisi, ndi "choyimira" cha unsembe watsopano wa okhulupirira onse. David ndi anzake nawonso adaswa lamulo la Chipangano Chakale mwa kudya buledi wowonetsera. Khalidwe lawo linali "choyimira" chovomerezeka cha Chipangano Chatsopano kuchoka pamalamulo (Mat. 12: 4). Khristu adapereka "mpumulo" kwa iwo omwe adadza kwa iye (Mateyu 11: 28-30). Kodi limeneli silingakhale kupumula kosalekeza m'malo mwa Sabata la sabata? Kodi sikoyenera kusunga mpumulo wa Sabata mwa Khristu tsiku lililonse m'malo motsatira kalata ya lamulo lachinayi lomwe liyenera kusungidwa tsiku limodzi sabata?

Paskha wathu ndi Khristu

Yesu adakondwerera phwando lake lomaliza ndi ophunzira ake pa Paskha. Adati, "Ndidzamwa chipatso champhesa kufikira Ufumu wa Mulungu udze." (Luka 22:18) Ndipo adatenga mkate, ndipo atayamika, adanyema, napereka kwa iwo, nati, "Ichi ndi thupi langa, lopatsidwa chifukwa cha inu - chitani ichi chikumbukiro changa." Luka 22:19) Momwemonso chikho atatha kudya, nati, "Chikho ichi, chothiridwa chifukwa cha inu, ndi pangano latsopano m'mwazi wanga. (Luka 22:20) Nthawi zonse timatenga thupi ndi mwazi wa Khristu timalalikira za imfa ya Ambuye kufikira atadza (1Akor 11: 23-26) Khristu ndiye Paskha wathu waperekedwa. (1Akor 5: 7) Mkate wopanda chotupitsa ndi kuona mtima ndi chowonadi (1Akor 5: 8) Pachifukwa ichi sitiri kudya mkate kapena kumwa chikho cha Ambuye mosayenera koma kuti tidziyese tokha. (1Akor 11: 27-29) Chimene chiyenera kutsukidwa pakati pathu ndi chiwerewere, umbombo, chinyengo, kupembedza mafano, kuledzera ' ndi machitidwe achipongwe. (1Akor 5: 9-11) Izi ndiye zoyipa zomwe ziyenera kutsukidwa - osalephera kutsatira zomwe zidalembedwa kale. (1Akor 5: 9-13) 

Mu 1 Akorinto 5: 7-8 Paulo akugwiritsa ntchito mfundo yomweyi yokhudza “kulimbitsa thupi” pa Paskha ndi Masiku a Mkate Wopanda Chofufumitsa wapachaka monga momwe zinalili ndi Sabata. "Khristu Paskha wathu waperekedwa nsembe." Paskha Yathu Yachikhristu si mwanawankhosa wophedwa chaka chilichonse koma Mpulumutsi wophedwa kamodzi kwatha, ndi mphamvu yakutipulumutsa tsiku lililonse, osati kamodzi pachaka. "Chifukwa chake tichite chikondwerero, osati ndi chotupitsa chakale, kapena ndi chotupitsa cha dumbo ndi zoipa, koma ndi mkate wopanda chotupitsa wa kuwona mtima ndi chowonadi" (1Akor 5: 8).

Tikuwona kuti "mkate wopanda chotupitsa" womwe udalowa m'malo mwa mkate wopanda chotupitsa ndi "mkate wopanda chotupitsa woona mtima ndi chowonadi." Izi ndizo nkhani zenizeni zauzimu, osati nkhani yochotsa chotupitsa mgalimoto zathu ndi nyumba zathu sabata imodzi pachaka. Paulo akuti, Akhristu akuyenera "kusunga madyerero" mpaka kalekale. Kumasulira mu KJV ndikusocheretsa, ndikupereka chithunzi choti tiyenera "kuchita chikondwererochi." Ndemanga ya Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges ndiyoyenera: "Tiyeni tichite chikondwerero [chopitilira muyeso chachi Greek], kunena za phwando losatha lomwe Mpingo wa Chikhristu umachita ... osati phwando, monga mu KJV, zomwe zingatanthauze chikondwerero china. ” (Rev. JJ Lias, Commentary on I Corinthians, Cambridge University Press, 1899, p. 61.) Dongosolo lamalamulo la Mose monga malamulo adasinthidwa ndi lamulo la ufulu mumzimu, lotsogozedwa mwachidule mu lamulo limodzi kukonda anzathu momwe timadzikondera tokha (Agal 5:14).

Luka 22: 15-20 (ESV), Chikho ichi chothiridwira inu ndi pangano latsopano m'mwazi wanga

15 Ndipo anati kwa iwo, Ndinalakalaka ndithu kudya Paskha uyu pamodzi ndi inu ndisadayambe kusautsidwa. 16 Chifukwa ndikukuuzani kuti sindidzadya kufikira utakwaniritsidwa mu ufumu wa Mulungu. ” 17 Ndipo adatenga chikho, ndipo pamene adayamika, adati, Landirani ichi, muchigawane mwa iwo okha. 18 Pakuti ndinena kwa inu, Kuyambira tsopano sindidzamwanso chipatso cha mpesa, kufikira Ufumu wa Mulungu udzafika." 19 Ndipo adatenga mkate, nayamika, adaunyema, nawapatsa, nati, Ichi ndi thupi langa lopatsidwa chifukwa cha inu; Chitani ichi pondikumbukira. " 20 Chimodzimodzinso chikho atatha kudya, nati, “Chikho ichi, chothiridwa chifukwa cha inu, ndi pangano latsopano m'mwazi wanga;

1 Akorinto 5: 6-8 (ESV), Pakuti Khristu, mwanawankhosa wathu wa Paskha, waperekedwa nsembe

6 Kudzitamanda kwanu sikuli bwino. Kodi simudziwa kuti chotupitsa pang'ono chimatupitsa mtanda wonse? 7 Tsukani chotupitsa chakale kuti mukhale mtanda watsopano, popeza mulibe chotupitsa. Pakuti Khristu, mwanawankhosa wathu wa Paskha, waperekedwa nsembe. 8 Chifukwa chake tiyeni tichite chikondwererochi, osati ndi chotupitsa chakale, chotupitsa cha zoyipa ndi zoyipa, koma ndi mkate wopanda chotupitsa wa kuwona mtima ndi chowonadi.

1 Akorinto 11: 23-32 (ESV),  Chitani izi, nthawi zonse mukamamwa, pondikumbukira

23 Pakuti ndinalandira kwa Ambuye, chimenenso ndinapereka kwa inu, kuti Ambuye Yesu usiku uja anaperekedwa, anatenga mkate; 24 ndipo m'mene adayamika, adanyema, nati, Ichi ndi thupi langa la kwa inu; Chitani ichi pondikumbukira. ” 25 Momwemonso anatenga chikho, atadya chakudya chamadzulo, nati, Chikho ichi ndi pangano latsopano m'mwazi wanga; Chitani izi, nthawi zonse mukamamwa, pondikumbukira. " 26 Pakuti nthawi zonse mukadya mkate uwu ndi kumwera chikho, mulalikira imfa ya Ambuye kufikira akadza Iye.
27 Chifukwa chake, yense amene akadya mkate kapena akamwera chikho cha Ambuye kosayenera, adzakhala wochimwira thupi ndi mwazi wa Ambuye. 28 Munthu adziyese, ndipo adye mkate ndi kumwera chikho. 29 Pakuti aliyense wakudya ndi kumwa osazindikira thupi adya ndikumwa mlandu pa iye yekha.

Phwando, mwezi watsopano kapena Sabata - mthunzi wa zomwe zikubwera

Tiyenera kuwona kuti tanthauzo lokhalo la Paulo lokhudza mawu oti "Sabata" ndi "masiku opatulika" ndizofunika kwambiri m'malemba ake onse omwe adasungidwa. Izi zimachitika pa Akolose 2:16. M'ndimeyi Paulo akufotokoza masiku opatulika (kusunga pachaka), mwezi watsopano (kusunga mwezi) ndi Sabata (kusunga sabata) ngati "mthunzi." Potero amaulula malingaliro atumwi pankhani yofunika iyi.

16 Chifukwa chake asalole wina akuweruzeni inu pankhani zakudya ndi zakumwa, kapena zikondwerero, kapena mwezi watsopano kapena Sabata. 17 Izi ndizo mthunzi chabe wa zinthu zakudza, koma thupi ndi la Khristu. (Akolose 2: 16-17)

 

Zingamveke zodabwitsa kwambiri kuti ngati Paulo angawone kuti kusunga Sabata ndichofunikira kwambiri kuti munthu apulumuke amatha kufotokoza Sabata sabata komanso masiku opatulika ngati mthunzi! Izi zitha kubweretsa kusamvana kowopsa. Komabe izi zikuwonekeratu mopanda kukayika konse. Paulo amatcha Sabata, masiku oyera ndi mwezi watsopano kuti ndi mthunzi. Mthunzi umasiya kukhala wofunikira zenizeni, Khristu, zikawonekera. Paulo akugwiritsa ntchito chimodzimodzi chilankhulidwe cha mthunzi ndi zenizeni zomwe timazipeza pa Ahebri 10: 1 pomwe nsembe za "mthunzi" za Chipangano Chakale tsopano zatha ntchito ndi "thupi" nsembe ya Khristu (Ahe 10:10): "Chilamulo wokhala ndi mthunzi wa zabwino zirinkudza… ”(Ahe 10: 1).

Apa lamulo lodzipereka linali laling'ono ndipo limaperekedwa osafunikira pakuwonekera kwa Khristu. Koma Paulo akunena chimodzimodzi posunga masiku apadera mu Akolose 2: 16-17. Lamulo lofotokoza kusungidwa kwa masiku opatulika, mwezi watsopano ndi Sabata lidawunikira zenizeni za Khristu ndi Ufumu wake - zinthu zabwino zomwe zikubwera. Mfundo yoti Sabata likhale mthunzi ndiyofunika kwambiri kuti tionenso pa Akolose 2: 16-17: “[Popeza kuti Khristu anathetsa chikalata cha malamulo chimene chinali kutsutsana ndi ife, v. 14], chifukwa chake wina asachite monga woweruza wanu pankhani yazakudya ndi zakumwa kapena zokhudzana ndi chikondwerero, mwezi watsopano kapena tsiku la Sabata - zinthu zomwe zili mthunzi chabe wa zomwe zikubwera, koma zenizeni ndi za Khristu. ”

Apo pali zakuda ndi zoyera. Uwu ndi uthenga womaliza wa Chipangano Chatsopano woperekedwa wokhudza kusunga Sabata. Kufunika kwa tsiku la Sabata kwa Akhristu, komanso masiku opatulika ndi mwezi watsopano, ndikofanana ndi mthunzi. Masiku ano kulibenso chilichonse ndipo sichingapindulitse iwo omwe amayesa kuwasunga.

Dean Alford mu Commentary on the Greek Testament yake yotchuka: "Titha kuwona kuti ngati lamulo la Sabata likadakhala, mwanjira iliyonse, lokakamiza Mpingo wa Chikhristu kukadakhala kosatheka kuti Mtumwi anene izi [ Akol 2: 16-17]. Zoti munthu azipumula tsiku limodzi, kaya lachisanu ndi chiwiri kapena loyamba, zikadakhala zachindunji pazomwe ananena apa: kukhala ndi oterowo sikukadasungabe mthunziwo, pomwe tili nawo. ”

Ngati Akhristu amitundu adayenera kutembenuka kuti akapumule pa tsiku la Sabata, izi zikadafunikira malangizo apadera ochokera ku khonsolo ya Machitidwe 15 yomwe idasankha momwe wokhulupirira Amitundu akuyenera kutsatira miyambo yachiyuda. Kusunga Sabata, malinga ndi lingaliro la atumwi, sichofunikira kwa okhulupirira Amitundu. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti Akunja adaloledwa kupezeka m'masunagoge a Ayuda, koma iwo sanawalangize kuti azisunga Sabata. Ndi okhawo omwe adatembenukira kwathunthu ku Chiyuda omwe adatsata Sabata. Ayudawo adadziwa kuti Mulungu adawapatsa Sabata ndipo samayembekezera kuti mayiko ena azisunga Sabata. Chifukwa chake zidafunikira lamulo lapadera kwa Amitundu ngati kusunga Sabata kunali kofunikira kwa iwo ngati Akhristu.

Mubuku lonse la Yohane maphwando amafotokozedwa kuti ndi achiyuda - Yohane 7: 2 (Mahema), Yohane 6: 4 (Paskha), Yohane 5: 1 (Paskha). Tsiku lokonzekera Sabata limatchedwa "tsiku lachiyuda lokonzekera" (Yohane 19:42). Yohane amaganiza za Sabata ngati lachiyuda ndi tsiku lokonzekera lachiyuda lisanafike. Mawuwa sakugwirizana kwenikweni ndi kukhulupirira kuti miyambo ya Chipangano Chakale tsopano ikukakamiza akhristu. Ndi Paul, John amawona masiku ngati mthunzi wa zenizeni zenizeni za Khristu. 

Ufulu Wathu Mwa Khristu

Pali ufulu mwa Khristu womwe akhristu angasangalale nawo ndikupatsanso ena. Kugwiritsitsa kwa zikondwerero za Chipangano Chakale kumalepheretsa mzimu wa Khristu ndi Uthenga Wabwino. Sitilinso pansi pa lamulo (Aroma 6:14). Tinamasulidwa ku lamulo (Aroma 7: 6). "Tidafa kumalamulo mwa thupi la Khristu, kuti [tikaphatikizidwe ndi wina], kwa iye amene adaukitsidwa kwa akufa, kuti tiberekere Mulungu zipatso" (Aroma 7: 4). Kwa iwo amene "akufuna kukhala omvera lamulo" (Agal 4: 21) timalimbikitsa mawu ofunikira a Paulo pa Agalatiya 4: 21-31: Pangano la Phiri la Sinai limabweretsa ukapolo. Kwa ana a lonjezo pali ufulu watsopano ndi waulemerero mwa Khristu. Pali Pangano Latsopano mu mzimu. Pangano lakale lokhala ndi malamulo lidasinthidwa ndi chinthu china chabwino (Ahe 8:13). Sitiyenera “kutsatira malamulo onse” (Agal 5: 3). Ngati tingayese kutero, ndiye kuti “tagwa m'chisomo” (Agal 5: 4). Tsopano popeza chikhulupiliro chafika, sitilinso pansi pa Chilamulo, Sabata ndi Chipangano Chatsopano chosunga chilamulo (Agal 3:24, 25). Iwo amene amaumirira kuti malamulowo akhale pachiwopsezo kukhala pangano la Phiri la Sinai (Ag 4:24). Ana a pangano la chilamulo sangakhale olowa nyumba limodzi ndi ana a mfulu (Agal 4:30). Iwo omwe amamatira ku malamulo amtundu wa Sinai siabwino ofuna Ufumu wa Mulungu.

Zachidziwikire kuti zikuwonekeratu kuti masiku onse opumulira a Chipangano Chakale sakhala omangika kwa iwo omwe akufuna kupuma mwa Khristu, kusiya ntchito zawo tsiku ndi tsiku (Ahe 4: 9, 10). M'mawu a wophunzira zaumulungu wa m'zaka za zana lachisanu ndi chimodzi, Sabata limatanthauza "kuti ndisiye ntchito zanga zonse zoipa masiku onse a moyo wanga, kulola Ambuye kugwira ntchito mwa ine kudzera mwa Mzimu wake, ndikuyamba mu moyo uno Sabata yamuyaya. ” (Zacharias Ursinus mu Heidelberg Catechism, 1563)

Kuopsa kwalamulo

Pali zoopsa zazikulu zokhudzana ndi mipatuko ndi aphunzitsi zomwe zimalimbikitsa kuti akhristu akuyenera kukhala osamala mu Torah kutsatira malamulo a Chilamulo cha Mose omwe alibe tanthauzo lililonse.

  1. Kuopsa kwalamulo ndikuti zitha kulimbikitsa kudzilungamitsa pa chilungamo pakutsata mosamalitsa lamulo la Chipangano Chakale - uwu ndi Uthenga wabodza
  2. Chidziwitso chimadzikuza, koma chikondi chimangirira. Ngati wina aganiza kuti akudziwa kanthu, sakudziwabe monga amayenera kudziwa. Koma ngati wina akonda Mulungu, adziwika ndi Mulungu. (1Akor 8: 1-3). "Maloya" omwe amaphunzitsidwa bwino m'Chilamulo amakonda kudzikuza m'malo modzichepetsa. Lamulo ndi chopunthwitsa pankhaniyi. Kudziwa chilamulo cha Mose kumakhala chinthu chonyadira kwa Afarisi amakono.
  3. Kutsindika Chilamulo cha Mose kumachepetsa Uthenga Wabwino wa Yesu Khristu. Akhristu achiyuda amakonda kutsindika zomwe zidalembedwa koposa ziphunzitso za Khristu. Amakonda kuphunzitsa kusunga Torah m'malo mwake uthenga wofunikira wa Uthenga Wabwino kuphatikiza kulapa, kubatizidwa mdzina la Yesu, ndikulandila Mzimu Woyera. (Machitidwe 2:38) Yesu, amene wakwezedwa kudzanja lamanja la Mulungu ndipo ndiye mkhalapakati pakati pa Mulungu ndi munthu ndiye mphamvu yathu. (1Tim 2: 5-6) Tiyenera kutsatira ziphunzitso zake ndikutsindika zomwe iye ndi atumwi ake adatsindika.
  4. Kugogomezera zolembedwa zakale kumaphimba mfundo yoti tizitumikira m'njira yatsopano ya Mzimu. Tsopano tamasulidwa ku lamuloli- ndipo sitifunikiranso kutumizira njira yakale yolembedwa. (Aroma 7: 6) Mzimu ndi amene amapereka moyo; thupi silithandiza konse. Mau amene Yesu ananena ndi mzimu ndi moyo. (Yohane 6:63) Timalandira Mzimu pakumva ndi chikhulupiriro, osati ntchito za lamulo. (Agal 3: 2-6) Ndi pokhapo pobadwa mwatsopano mwa Mzimu wa Mulungu kuti tilandire moyo wosatha (Yohane 3: 3-8)
  5. Kukhazikika mwalamulo ndi msampha womwe ambiri amagweramo omwe angawatsutse m'malo mowatsimikizira kuti ali olungama. Chilungamo chathu kudzera muntchito za thupi chili ngati nsanza zodetsedwa ndipo kulungamitsidwa kumadza mwa chikhulupiriro osati ntchito za Chilamulo. (Agalatiya 2:16, Agal 3:10) Iye amene alandira chizindikiro cha Chipangano Chakale - mdulidwe wakuthupi - "akuyenera kusunga malamulo onse" (Ag 5: 3). Iwo amene amaumirira kuti malamulo, mu chipangano chakale monga malamulo, "adachotsedwa kwa Khristu… Wagwa ku chisomo" (Agal 5: 4). Awa ndi machenjezo okhwima a Paulo kwa aliyense amene amakakamiza okhulupirira kutsatira malamulo omwe Yesu safuna kwa otsatira ake.

Monga Yesu adanena, samalani ndi chotupitsa mkate cha Afarisi ndi Asaduki. ” (Mat 16: 6) Pakunena izi, sanali kuwauza kuti asamale ndi chotupitsa mkate, koma ndi chiphunzitso cha Afarisi ndi Asaduki (Mat 16:12) Musaweruze ndi mawonekedwe, koma weruzani ndi chiweruzo cholondola. (Yohane 7:24)

1 Akorinto 1: 27-31 (ESV), Khristu Yesu - kwa ife nzeru yochokera kwa Mulungu, chilungamo ndi kuyeretsedwa ndi chiwombolo

27 Koma Mulungu anasankha zopusa za dziko lapansi kuti akachititse manyazi anzeru; Mulungu anasankha zofooka za dziko lapansi kuti achititse manyazi zolimba; 28 Mulungu anasankha zinthu zonyozeka ndi zonyozeka padziko lapansi, ngakhale zinthu zomwe sizili, kuti awononge zinthu zomwe zilipo, 29 so kuti pasakhale munthu wodzitamandira pamaso pa Mulungu. 30 Ndipo chifukwa cha iye muli mwa Khristu Yesu, amene anakhala kwa ife nzeru yochokera kwa Mulungu, chilungamo ndi chiyeretso ndi chiwombolo, 31 kotero kuti, monga kwalembedwa, Iye amene adzitamandira, adzitamande mwa Ambuye.

Mulungu Amafuna Chifundo Kuposa Nsembe

Hoseya 6: 6 (Chichewa)

6 Pakuti ndikhumba chikondi, osati nsembe, ndidziwe Mulungu koposa nsembe zopsereza.

Mika 6: 6-8 (Chichewa)

6 “Ndidzafika pamaso pa Yehova ndi chiyani,
ndi kugwadira Mulungu wakumwambamwamba?
Kodi ndidzafika pamaso pake ndi nsembe zopsereza,
ndi ana a ng'ombe a chaka chimodzi?
7 Kodi Yehova adzakondwera nazo nkhosa zamphongo masauzande,
ndi mitsinje ya mafuta zikwi khumi?
Kodi ndipereke mwana wanga woyamba kubadwa chifukwa cha cholakwa changa,
chipatso cha thupi langa chifukwa cha tchimo la moyo wanga? ”
8 Iye anakuuza, munthuwe, chomwe chili chokoma;
ndipo AMBUYE amafuna chiyani kwa iwe
koma kuchita chilungamo, ndi kukonda kukoma mtima,
ndikuyenda modzichepetsa ndi Mulungu wanu?

Mateyu 9: 11-13 (ESV) 

1 Ndipo Afarisi pakuwona izi, anati kwa ophunzira ake, Bwanji mphunzitsi wanu amadya ndi amisonkho, ndi wochimwa? 12 Koma m'mene adamva, anati, Olimba safuna sing'anga, koma odwala ndiwo. 13 Pitani mukaphunzire tanthauzo la mawu akuti, 'Ndikufuna chifundo, osati nsembe.' Pakuti sindinadze kudzayitana olungama, koma ochimwa. "

Mateyu 12: 1-7 (ESV)

1 Pa nthawi imeneyo Yesu ankadutsa minda yambewu pa tsiku la Sabata. Ophunzira ake anali ndi njala, ndipo anayamba kubudula ngala ndi kudya. 2 Koma Afarisi pakuwona, anati kwa Iye, Tawona, akuphunzira ako achita chosaloleka tsiku la Sabata. 3 Iye anati kwa iwo, “Kodi simunawerenge zimene Davide anachita pamene anali ndi njala ndi onse amene anali naye? 4 m'mene analowa m'nyumba ya Mulungu, nadya mkate wa Mulungu, wosaloledwa kudya iye kapena iwo amene anali naye, koma ansembe okhaokha? 5 Kapena simunawerenge m'Chilamulo kuti pa Sabata ansembe m'kachisi amayipitsa Sabata ndipo alibe mlandu? 6 Ndinena ndi inu, woposa kachisi ali pano. 7 Ndipo mukadadziwa tanthauzo la ichi, Ndikufuna chifundo, osati nsembe, simukadatsutsa osalakwa.

Yesaya 1: 10-17 (ESV)

10 Imvani mawu a Yehova,
inu olamulira Sodomu!
Tcherani khutu ku chiphunzitso cha Mulungu wathu,
inu anthu a Gomora!
11 "Kodi nsembe zanu zambiriranji kwa ine?
akutero AMBUYE
;
Ndakhuta nazo nsembe zopsereza za nkhosa zamphongo
ndi mafuta a nyama zonenepa
;
Sindikondwera ndi mwazi wa ng'ombe zamphongo,
kapena ya ana ankhosa, kapena ya mbuzi
.
12 “Ukabwera kudzaonekera pamaso panga,
amene wakufunsani
kuponderezedwa kwa makhothi anga?
13 Musabweretse nsembe zachabe;
zofukiza ndizonyansa kwa ine.
Mwezi watsopano, Sabata ndi mayitanidwe amisonkhano -
Sindingathe kupirira zoyipa komanso msonkhano wapadera
.
14 Mwezi wanu watsopano ndi maphwando anu
moyo wanga umada
;
zakhala zolemetsa kwa ine;
Ndatopa kupirira nazo.
15 Mukatambasula manja anu,
Ndidzakubisirani maso anga;
ngakhale mupereke mapemphero ambiri,
Sindidzamvera;
manja anu adzaza magazi.
16 Sambani; dziyeretseni;
chotsani choipa cha machitidwe anu pamaso panga;
lekani kuchita zoipa
,
17 phunzirani kuchita zabwino;
funani chilungamo,
konzani kuponderezana;
weruzani ana amasiye,
yankhulani mlandu wamasiye

Yesu wakaphimbira Dango

Yesu ndi ophunzira ake amagwira ntchito pa Sabata

Marko 2: 23-28 (ESV) - Tsiku lina Sabata anali kudutsa m'munda wa tirigu, ndipo pamene amapita, ophunzira ake adayamba kubudula ngala za tirigu. Ndipo Afarisi adanena kwa Iye, Tawonani, akuchita chiyani chosiyana ndi ichi? yololedwa pa Sabata? ” Ndipo anati kwa iwo, simudawerenga kodi adachita Davide, pamene adali wosowa ndi akumva njala, iye ndi iwo adali naye, m'mene adalowa m'nyumba ya Mulungu, m'nthawi ya Abyatara mkulu wa ansembe; anadya mkate wa Kukhalapo, wsizololedwa kwa aliyense koma ansembe kudya, ndipo anaperekanso kwa amene anali naye aja? ” Ndipo anati kwa iwo,Sabata lidapangidwira munthu, osati munthu chifukwa cha SabataChifukwa chake Mwana wa Munthu ndiye Mbuye wa Sabata. "

Mateyo 12: 1-8 (ESV) - Nthawi imeneyo Yesu adadutsa m'minda yambewu pa Sabata. Ophunzira ake anali ndi njala, ndipo anayamba kubudula ngala ndi kudya. Koma Afarisi pakuwona, adati kwa Iye,Taonani, akuphunzira anu achita chosaloleka tsiku la Sabata. ” Iye anawauza kuti: “Kodi simunawerenge zimene Davide anachita ali ndi njala ndi amene anali naye? kwa iwo omwe anali naye, koma okhawo ansembe? Kapena simunawerenge mu Chilamulo momwe Sabata ansembe m'kachisi amanyoza Sabata ndipo alibe mlandu? Ndikukuuzani, wamkulu kuposa kachisi ali pano. Ndipo mukadadziwa tanthauzo la izi, Ndikufuna chifundo, osati nsembe, 'simukanaweruza osalakwa. Thangwi Mwana wa Munthu ndiye Mbuya wa Sabudu. ”

Luka 6: 1-5 (ESV) - Tsiku la Sabata, podutsa m'minda yambewu, ophunzira ake adayamba kubudula nadya ngala za tirigu, nazipukusa ndi manja awo. Koma Afarisi ena adati,Chifukwa chiyani ukuchita zosaloleka kuchita tsiku la Sabata?? ” Ndipo Yesu adayankha iwo, Kodi simudawerenga chimene Davide adachita pamene adamva njala, iye ndi iwo adali naye, m'mene adalowa m'nyumba ya Mulungu, natenga, nadya mkatewo, zomwe siziloledwa kuti adye ena koma ansembe ndi kuwapatsanso iwo amene anali nawo? ” Ndipo anati kwa iwo,Mwana wa Munthu ndiye Mbuye wa Sabata. "

Yohane 5: 16-17 (ESV) - Ichi ndichifukwa chake Ayuda ankazunza Yesu, chifukwa anali kuchita zinthu izi pa Sabata. Koma Yesu anawayankha kuti, “Atate wanga akugwirabe ntchito mpaka pano, ndipo ndikugwira ntchito. "

Yohane 9:16 (ESV) - Afarisi ena adati, "Munthu uyu sanachokere kwa Mulungu, chifukwa sasunga Sabata. ” Koma ena anati, "Kodi munthu wochimwa akhoza bwanji kuchita zozizwitsa zoterezi?" Ndipo padali kugawanika pakati pawo.

Yesu adalengeza kuti zakudya zonse ndi zoyera

Maliko 7: 15-23 (ESV) - Palibe kanthu kunja kwa munthu kamene kakalowa mwa iye kamene kangadetse, koma zinthu zochokera mwa munthu ndi zimene zimamuipitsa. ” Ndipo m'mene Iye adalowa m'nyumba ndikusiya anthu, wophunzira ake adamfunsa Iye za fanizolo. Ndipo anati kwa iwo, Pamenepo inunso muli osazindikira kodi? Kodi simukuwona kuti chilichonse cholowa mwa munthu chakunja sichikhoza kumuipitsa?, popeza sikulowa mumtima mwake koma m'mimba mwake, ndipo amachotsedwa? ” (Chifukwa chake adalengeza kuti zakudya zonse ndi zoyera.) Ndipo anati, "Chochokera mwa munthu ndi chimene chimamuipitsa. Pakuti mkatimo, mumtima mwa munthu, mumatuluka malingaliro oyipa, zachiwerewere, kuba, kupha, chigololo, kusirira, zoipa, chinyengo, chisembwere, kaduka, miseche, kunyada, kupusa. Zoipa zonsezi zimachokera mkati, ndipo ndizo zimaipitsa munthu. ”

Luka 11: 37-41 (ESV) - Ali mkati molankhula, Mfarisi wina adamupempha kuti akadye naye, ndipo adalowa nakhala pansi. Mfarisi uja anadabwa kuona kuti sanayambe asamba asanadye chakudya. Ndipo Ambuye anati kwa iye, Tsopano inu Afarisi mutsuka kunja kwa kapu ndi mbale, koma mkati mwako mwadzaza umbombo ndi zoipa. Opusa inu! Kodi iye wopanga kunja kwake sanapanganso mkati mwake? Koma perekani zachifundo ndi zinthu zamkati, ndipo onani, zonse zili zoyera kwa inu.

Yesu amaphunzitsa za chiwawa

Mateyu 5: 38-39 (ESV) - "Munamva kuti kunanenedwa, 'Diso kulipa diso, ndi dzino kulipa dzino.' Koma ndinena kwa inu, Musakanize woipa. Koma wina akakumenya mbama patsaya lakumanja, umutembenuzire linanso.

Mateyu 5: 43-45 (ESV) 43 Munamva kuti kunanenedwa, Uzikonda mnzako ndi kuda mdani wako. 44 Koma Ine ndinena kwa inu, kondanani nawo adani anu, ndipo pemphererani iwo akuzunza inu; 45 kuti mukhale ana a Atate wanu wa Kumwamba. Pakuti iye amakwezera dzuŵa lake pa oipa ndi pa abwino, namabvumbitsira mvula pa olungama ndi pa osalungama omwe.

Mateyu 26:52 (ESV) - Pamenepo Yesu anati kwa iye, "Bwezera lupanga lako m placechimake. Pakuti onse ogwira lupanga adzafa ndi lupanga.

Luka 6: 27-31, 36 (ESV) - "Koma ndinena kwa inu akumva, Kondani adani anu, chitirani zabwino iwo akuda inu, dalitsani iwo akutemberera inu, pemphererani iwo akuzunza inu. Kwa iye amene akupanda iwe patsaya, umpatsenso winayo; Patsani aliyense amene akupemphani kwa inu; Ndipo monga mufuna inu kuti ena adzakuchitirani inu, muwachitire iwo motero iwo. Khalani achifundo, monga Atate wanu ali wachifundo.

Yesu wanyalanyaza lamulo loti banja lithe

Marko 10: 2-12 (ESV) - Ndipo Afarisi adabwera kudzamuyesa, ndipo adafunsa kuti, "Kodi nkololedwa kuti munthu athetse mkazi wake?" Iye anawayankha kuti, “Kodi Mose anakulamulirani chiyani? ” Iwo anati, “Mose adalola mwamuna kuti alembe kalata yothetsera banja ndikumusiya. ” Ndipo Yesu adati kwa iwo, Chifukwa cha kuuma kwa mitima yanu adakulemberani lamulo ili. Koma kuyambira pa chiyambi cha chilengedwe, 'Mulungu anawalenga iwo mwamuna ndi mkazi.' Chifukwa chake mwamuna adzasiya atate wake ndi amake nadzadziphatika kwa mkazi wake, ndipo awiriwo adzakhala thupi limodzi. Kotero kuti salinso awiri koma thupi limodzi. Chimene Mulungu adachimanga pamodzi, munthu asachilekanitse. ” Ndipo m'nyumba ophunzira adamfunsanso za chinthu ichi. Ndipo anati kwa iwo,Aliyense wosiya mkazi wake ndi kukwatira wina, wachita chigololo kulakwira mkaziyo, ndipo ngati asudzula mwamuna wake nakwatiwa ndi wina, achita chigololo iyeyu. "

Mateyo 5: 31-32 (ESV) - “Ananenanso kuti, 'Aliyense wosudzula mkazi wake, apatseni kalata yothetsera ukwati.' Koma Ine ndinena kwa inu, kuti yense amene akachotsa mkazi wake, kosakhala chifukwa cha chiwerewere, am'chititsa chigololo; ndipo amene akwatira mkazi wosiyidwayo achita chigololo.

Mateyo 19: 3-9 (ESV) - Ndipo Afarisi adadza kwa Iye namuyesa ndi kumufunsa kuti, "Kodi nkololedwa kusudzula mkazi pa chifukwa china?" Anayankha, “Kodi simunawerenge kuti amene adalenga iwo pachiyambi adawapanga iwo mwamuna ndi mkazi, nati, Chifukwa chake mwamuna adzasiya atate wake ndi amake nadzadziphatika kwa mkazi wake, ndipo awiriwo adzakhala thupi limodzi '? Kotero kuti salinso awiri koma thupi limodzi. Chimene Mulungu adachimanga pamodzi, munthu asachilekanitse. ” Ndipo anati kwa iye, Nanga n'cifukwa ciani Mose analamula munthu kuti am'patse cilekaniro ca cisudzulo, ndi kumcotsa? Iye anati kwa iwo,Chifukwa cha kuuma mtima kwanu Mose anakulolezani kusudzula akazi anu; koma kuyambira pachiyambi sichinali chomwecho. Ndipo ndikukuuzani: Aliyense wosudzula mkazi wake, koma kukwatira wina, achita chigololo. "

Luka 16:18 (ESV) - "Aliyense wosudzula mkazi wake ndi kukwatira wina achita chigololo, ndipo amene akwatira mkazi wosiyidwayo wachita chigololo.

Yesu anaphunzitsa kuti asamaweruze

Mateyu 7: 1-5 (ESV) - "Musaweruze, kuti mungaweruzidwePopeza ndi chiweruzo chimene iwe ukuweruza, inunso mudzaweruzidwandipo kudzayesedwa kwa inu ndi muyeso womwewo muyesa nawo inu. Bwanji upenya kachitsotso kali m'diso la m'bale wako, koma suona kachitsotso kali m'diso lako? Kapena ungauze bwanji m'bale wako kuti, 'Tandilola ndicotse kacitsotso m'diso lako,' pomwe iwe uli nalo kacitsotso kako m'diso lako? Wonyenga iwe, tayamba kuchotsa m'diso lako mtengowo, ndipo pomwepo udzapenyetsa kuchotsa kachitsotso m'diso la m'bale wako.

Luka 6: 37-38 (ESV) - "Musaweruze, ndipo inunso simudzaweruzidwa; musatsutse, ndipo inunso simudzatsutsidwa; khululukirani, ndipo inunso mudzakhululukidwa; patsani, ndipo inunso mudzapatsidwa. Muyeso wabwino, wotsendereka, wokhutchumuka, wosefukira, anthu adzakupatsani m'manja mwanu. Pakuti kudzayesedwa kwa inu ndi muyeso womwewo muyesa nawo inu;. "

Malamulo owonjezera a Yesu

Malamulo a Yesu, monga amafotokozedwa mu Mateyu chaputala 5-7 amakhudza kukhala ndi mtima woyera ndi machitidwe olungama. Izi zimakhudza mitu monga mkwiyo (Mt 5: 21-26), chilakolako (Mt 5: 27-30), kusudzulana (Mt 5: 31-32), malumbiro (Mt 5: 33-37), kubwezera (Mt 5: 38-42), okonda adani (Mt 5: 43-48), kupereka kwa osowa (Mt 6: 1-4), kupemphera (Mt 6: 5-13), kukhululuka (Mt 6:14), kusala kudya (Mt. 6: 16-18), nkhawa (Mt 6: 25-34), kuweruza ena (Mt 7: 1-5), lamulo lagolide (Mt 7: 12-14), ndi kubala zipatso (Mt 7: 15-20) )

Ndime zina pamwambapa ndizachidule zochokera mu bukulo, Lamulo, Sabata ndi Chikhristu Chatsopano, Bwana. Anthony Buzzard, wogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi chilolezo

Pangani PDF: https://focusonthekingdom.org/articles_/sabbathbook.pdf?x49874