Luka - Machitidwe apamwamba
Luka - Machitidwe apamwamba

Luka - Machitidwe apamwamba

Mau oyamba a Luka-Machitidwe Apamwamba

Luka-Machitidwe ndi buku la magawo awiri lolembedwa ndi wolemba yemweyo m'zaka za zana loyamba pambuyo pa Marko ndi Mateyu komanso poyang'ana onse awiri. Ili ndi 27% ya Chipangano Chatsopano ndipo ndi maziko abwino kwambiri omvetsetsa Chikhristu chazaka XNUMX zoyambirira chifukwa imapereka umboni wodalirika wa Khristu ndi Atumwi ake. Ndilo umboni wokhawo wa Chipangano Chatsopano umene ukuima paokha monga kupereka kupitiriza pakati pa utumiki wa Khristu ndi utumiki wa Atumwi ake kuti apeze chiyamikiro chokwanira cha zikhazikitso za Uthenga Wabwino ndi chiphunzitso cha Chikhristu. Chifukwa chake, Luka-Machitidwe ndi maumboni abwino kwambiri omvetsetsa chikhulupiriro ndi machitidwe a Mpingo woyambirira.   

Mlembi wa Luka-Machitidwe ndi wolemba mbiri wachikhristu woyamba komanso katswiri wotsutsa yemwe adawonetsa umphumphu ndi luso lapamwamba m'mabuku ake awiri. Wolembayo, atatsatira chirichonse kwa nthaŵi yaitali yapitayo, anayesa kuwongola cholembedwacho kotero kuti okhulupirira akakhale ndi kulongosola molongosoka motsatira nthaŵi kaamba ka chifuno cha kukhala otsimikizirika ponena za zinthu zophunzitsidwa ndi ophunzira a Yesu ndi atumwi ake. Luka-Machitidwe angasonyezedwe kukhala ndi mbiri yapamwamba yodalirika ndi yolondola poyerekeza ndi Mauthenga Abwino ena (Onani Kudalirika kwa Luka-Mac). Kutengera izi ndi malingaliro ena, Luka-Machitidwe ayenera kukhala mawu athu oyambilira okhudzana ndi zofunikira za Uthenga Wabwino (Onani Zolingalira za Luka-Machitidwe Apamwamba).

Luka akuvomereza kuti ambiri anali atayesapo kale kulemba nkhani ndipo anaona kuti kunali koyenera kutero kuti okhulupirira adziŵe zoona zenizeni za zinthu zimene anaphunzitsidwa ( Luka 1:4 ) Maphunziro a Baibulo asonyeza kuti Luka analembedwa komalizira. ndipo anali ndi mwayi wofikira kwa Marko ndi Mateyu polemba nkhani yake (onani Dongosolo la Mauthenga Abwino). 

dongosolo la Mauthenga Abwino

Mlembiyo ndi mlembi yekha wa Chipangano Chatsopano amene analembanso buku la Machitidwe a Atumwi: mbiri ya kufalikira kwa mpingo woyamba ndi zomwe Atumwi ankalalikira. Wolembayo akunena kuti anayenda ndi atumwi (Machitidwe 16:11-15). Kudzinenera kovutirapo ngati kukanatsutsidwa panthawiyo sikunali koona. Kugwiritsa ntchito chilankhulo mu Luka ndikwapamwamba kwambiri kuwonetsa kuti wolembayo anali ndi luso laukadaulo / zamankhwala. Luka akuti adafufuza zonse mosamala kuyambira pachiyambi. Ndipo mulingo watsatanetsatane womwe amaupereka umatsimikizira kukhala ndi chidziwitso chambiri chambiri kuposa Mathew ndi Marko. Luka ndiye Uthenga Wabwino wokhawo womwe uli ngati mbiri yakale momwe zinthu zonse zimayendera motsatira nthawi. Luka-Machitidwe alinso mwatsatanetsatane mwa atatuwo pokhudzana ndi mbiri yakale ndipo kudalirika kwake kungathe kutetezedwa mwamphamvu (Onani Kuyankha Luka-Machitidwe Zotsutsa).

Mawu Oyamba a Luka ndi Machitidwe

Ngakhale kuti Uthenga Wabwino wa Luka umayambira pa vesi XNUMX, ndi mavesi anayi oyambirira amene amatipatsa umboni wosonyeza kuti ndi oona. Ngakhale kuti zambiri za Chipangano Chatsopano zinalembedwa m’Chigiriki wamba cha Koine, Luka 1: 1-4 linalembedwa m’Chigiriki chokongola kwambiri chopezeka kulikonse m’dziko lakale. Kalembedwe kameneka kamangosonyeza olemba achigiriki aluso kwambiri. Wanthanthi, mphunzitsi kapena wolemba mbiri yakale akale ankalemba mawu oyamba oterowo akafuna kuti ntchitoyo ilemekezedwe kwambiri. Olemba mbiri otchuka achigiriki ndi Aroma anachita zimenezi. M’mavesi anayi oyambirira a Uthenga Wabwino wake, Luka akupereka chisonkhezero cholongosoka cha kusunga kulondola kwapamwamba koposa. Iye akutsimikizira kuti Uthenga Wabwino ndi buku lolemba komanso mbiri yakale. Akunena kuti Uthenga wake Wabwino uyenera kupereka kulondola kwapamwamba ndi kudalirika kuposa ena onse. Cholinga chake ndikuphatikiza owerenga osati nthano, nthano kapena zopeka. Rater ndi kulongosola mwadongosolo anthu enieni, zochitika zenizeni ndi malo enieni. Amafuna kuti owerenga adziwe kuti analemba Uthenga wake Wabwino ndi umphumphu wapamwamba kwambiri mwa kupereka mfundo zozikidwa pa nkhani za m'mbiri zomwe zimatsimikiziridwa ndi mfundo zambiri zomwe zingapirire kuunika komwe ena sangathe.

Uthenga Wabwino wa Luka ukupita kwa “wolemekezeka Theofilo” (Luka 1: 3). Dzina lakuti Teofilo lingatembenuzidwe kuti “wokonda Mulungu.” Ziphunzitso zambiri zaperekedwa ponena za amene akuyankhidwa. Akatswiri ambiri amaona kuti Uthenga Wabwino umapita kwa munthu wina wolemekezeka koma palibe amene akudziwa motsimikiza. Miyambo yaulemu yaulemu (maphunziro) imanena kuti Teofilo sanali munthu. Liwulo m’Chigiriki limatanthauza “Bwenzi la Mulungu” ndipo chotero onse aŵiri Luka ndi Machitidwe analembedwera kwa aliyense woyenerera malongosoledwe amenewo. Pamwambo umenewu anthu amene amawatsatira, monganso Mauthenga Abwino onse ovomerezeka, anali okhulupirira ophunzira koma osatchulidwa mayina a nthawiyo. M’lingaliro lachizoloŵezi chikanena za munthu wokhulupirika kwambiri wokhala paubale ndi Mulungu. Akuti Teofilo ndi liwu lodziwika bwino kwa Akhristu onse monga dzina losangalatsa kwa wolemba kuti alankhule ndi owerenga. Umu ndi mtundu wa woŵerenga amene akakhala wodera nkhaŵa kwenikweni nkhani yolondola ya chowonadi, monga kukhala wotsimikizirika (chidaliro chapamwamba kwambiri) m’zinthu zophunzitsidwa. 

Luka 1: 1-4 (ESV)

Momwe ambiri aganiza kuti afotokoze zomwe zachitika pakati pathu, monganso iwo kuyambira pachiyambi omwe adali mboni zowona ndi atumiki a mawu awa adazipereka kwa ife, zidawonekeranso kwa ine, kutsatira zonse mosamala chifukwa nthawi yapitayi, kulemba nkhani yadongosolo zako, Theofilo wopambana, kuti ukhale wotsimikiza za zinthu zomwe wanyozedwa nazot.

Machitidwe 1: 1-2 (ESV)

M'buku loyamba, O Theophilus, Ndathana ndi zonse Yesu adayamba kuchita ndi kuphunzitsa, mpaka tsiku limene anatengedwa, atapereka malangizo kudzera mwa Mzimu Woyera kwa atumwi omwe adawasankha.

Maziko a Luka-Machitidwe Apamwamba

Masamba otsatirawa akupereka maziko a buku la Machitidwe a Atumwi. Yoyamba imanena za dongosolo lomwe Mauthenga Abwino adalembedwa ndikutsimikizira kuti Luka adalembedwa Marko ndi Mateyu ndipo wolemba adalemba ndi Mateyu monga momwe amafotokozera ndikuwongolera Mateyu ndi Marko m'njira zambiri. Kuwongolera kwa Luka pa Mateyu ndi Marko kwalembedwa mwatsatanetsatane m'zigawo zamtsogolo. Kudalirika kwa tsamba la Luka-Machitidwe kumapereka zifukwa zowonjezera ndi nkhani, mavidiyo ndi maumboni a mabuku a Scholarly kuchirikiza kudalirika kwa Luka-Machitidwe. Tsamba Kuyankha Luka-Machitidwe Zotsutsa imafotokoza za maphunziro otsutsa a Luka ndi Machitidwe ndipo imapereka mayankho ku zotsutsa zenizeni za mavesi ena. Kuphatikiza apo. pali nkhani yofotokoza mfundo zina za Luka-Mac.

Mavuto ndi Matthew

Mateyo ali ndi zinthu zingapo zomwe zimakayikira kukhulupirika kwake. Choyamba, mawu oyambilira onena za Mateyu aperekedwa okhudzana ndi gwero, wolemba, ndi kapangidwe kake. Lingaliro la Farrer limapereka zifukwa zomveka zogwirira Mateyu ndi kukayikira kowonjezereka poganizira kuti Luka sanaphatikizepo zambiri za Mateyu. Kutsutsana kwawo kwakukulu kwa Mateyu ndi nkhani zina za Mauthenga Abwino monga zotsutsana zambiri mu Chipangano Chatsopano ndi Mateyu wotsutsana ndi Marko, Luka, ndi Yohane. Nkhani zina ndi Mateyu zikufotokozedwa motengera ndime zovuta komanso chilankhulo chosagwirizana. Kuwongolera kwa Luka pa Mateyu kumalemba zochitika pomwe Luka adawongolera ndi kumveketsa zambiri pa Mateyu. Zokometsera za Mateyu zimalembedwanso mogwirizana ndi zonena za mbiri yakale, zonena za ulosi, ndi mavesi ena okhala ndi tanthauzo lachiphunzitso lomwe silinatsimikizidwe kwina kulikonse mu Chipangano Chatsopano. Ndiponso, umboni waperekedwa wotsutsa mawu amwambo a Mateyu 28:19 onena za ubatizo wa Utatu wosonyeza kuti mwina unawonjezedwa pambuyo pake. Scholarship Critical kuphatikiza mawu, maumboni, ndi zolemba zimaperekedwanso za kutsutsa kwa Mateyu

Mavuto ndi Mark

Luka anaphatikiza zambiri za Marko ndikuwongolera ndi kumveketsa ngati kunali kofunikira. Komanso, pakukopera ndi kufalitsa mitundu yambiri idawonjezedwa kwa Marko kugwirizanitsa ndi Mateyu. Maliko sanakoperedwe kaŵirikaŵiri poyerekezera ndi Mateyu ndi Luka m’zaka mazana aŵiri oyambirira ndipo pali mipukutu yachigiriki yoŵerengeka imene imatsimikizira malemba oyambirirawo. Mabaibulo a Marko alinso ndi mathero osiyanasiyana. Akatswiri amagwiritsira ntchito malemba oyambirira a Chilatini a Marko kuti amvetse bwino mmene Marko anaŵerengera poyamba. Kuwongolera kwa Luka kuposa Marko kumalemba zochitika pomwe Luka adawongolera ndi kumveketsa zambiri ponena za Marko. Critical Scholarship yokhala ndi mawu, maumboni, ndi zolemba zimaperekedwanso zokhudzana ndi kutsutsa kwa Marko

Mavuto ndi John

Yohane, komanso makalata a Johannine, ndi a nthawi ya pambuyo pa utumwi (90-150 AD) ndipo ayenera kuti analembedwa kumayambiriro kwa zaka za zana lachiwiri. John sanganenedwe kuti ndi wolondola m'mbiri chifukwa akuwonetsa zosagwirizana ndi Mauthenga Abwino Omaliza, omwe amatsutsidwa ndi wolemba komanso kapangidwe kake. Sipanangopita nthawi ina pambuyo pa 2-140 AD pomwe mawu a Uthenga Wabwino Wachiwiri anayamba kutchulidwa m'mabuku a Akhristu oyambirira. Zotsutsana za Yohane zalembedwa. Critical Scholarship yokhala ndi mawu, maumboni, ndi mawu amaperekedwanso ponena za kutsutsa kwa Yohane