Kufufuza kwa Afilipi Chaputala 2
Kufufuza kwa Afilipi Chaputala 2

Kufufuza kwa Afilipi Chaputala 2

Introduction

Mutu wa Afilipi 2 ndi "kukhala ndi mtima wa Khristu." (Afil 2: 5). Mu vesi 6-11 umboni wa Yesu Khristu waperekedwa ngati chitsanzo choyambirira cha kudzichepetsa ndi kumvera komwe tiyenera kukhala nako. Komanso, ndi mphotho yomwe Yesu adalandira chifukwa chodzipereka ndi kumvera (Afil 2: 8-11). Komabe, Afil 2: 6-7 lakhala likugwiritsidwa ntchito mwachizolowezi ngati chitsimikizo kwa omwe amalimbikitsa chiphunzitso cha thupi. Izi ndichifukwa choti mavesi 6-7 amatanthauziridwa ndi chikhalidwe chomwe chimapangitsa owerenga kuti aziwerenga thupi. Komabe, ndimeyi sikuphunzitsa kuti Yesu anali Mulungu kenako nadzakhala munthu. Tiyeni tiyambe kuyang'ana pa mtundu wotchuka wa ESV. 

Afilipi 2: 1-18 (ESV)

1 Kotero ngati pali chilimbikitso chilichonse mwa Khristu, chitonthozo chilichonse cha chikondi, kutenga mbali mu Mzimu, chikondi ndi chifundo, 2 malizitsani chisangalalo changa pokhala a mtima umodzi, akukhala nacho chikondi chimodzi, akukhala a mtima umodzi ndi amtima umodzi. 3 Musachite chilichonse chifukwa chongofuna kutchuka, kapena modzitukumula, koma modzichepetsa, ena onse aziposa inu eni. 4 Aliyense asamaganizire zofuna zake zokha, komanso zofuna za ena. 5 Khalani ndi malingaliro awa mwa inu nokha, omwe ali anu mwa Khristu Yesu, 6 amene, ngakhale anali m'mawonekedwe a Mulungu, sanawerenge kufanana Mulungu ndi chinthu choti chimveredwe, 7 koma anadzikhuthula yekha, potenga mawonekedwe a wantchito, wobadwa wofanana ndi anthu. 8 ndipo popezeka m'thupi la munthu, anadzichepetsa mwa kukhala womvera mpaka imfa, ngakhale imfa ya pamtanda. 9 Chifukwa chake Mulungu adamkweza Iye, nampatsa dzina loposa dzina lililonse, 10 kuti pa dzina la Yesu bondo lililonse ligwade, kumwamba ndi padziko lapansi ndi pansi pa nthaka. 11 ndipo lilime lirilonse livomereza kuti Yesu Khristu ndiye Ambuye, kuchitira ulemu Mulungu Atate.

12 Chifukwa chake okondedwa anga, monga mwa nthawi zonse anamvera, chotero tsopano, osati pokha pokha pokha pokha pokha pamaso panga, komanso makamaka pakalibe ine, gwirani ntchito ya chipulumutso chanu ndi mantha, ndi kunthunthumira, 13 pakuti ndiye Mulungu amene agwira ntchito mwa inu, kufuna konse, ndi kuchita mwa kukondwera kwake. 14 Chitani zonse mopanda madandaulo kapena kutsutsana, 15 kuti mukhale opanda chilema ndi osalakwa, ana a Mulungu opanda chilema pakati pa m'badwo wopindika ndi wopotoka, mwa iwo mumawalira ngati nyali mdziko lapansi, 16 kugwiritsitsa mawu a moyo, kotero kuti m'tsiku la Khristu ndikadzitamandira kuti sindidathamanga chabe kapena kugwira ntchito mwachabe. 17 Ngakhale nditakhala kuti ndithiridwa ngati nsembe yachakumwa pa nsembe yopereka ya chikhulupiriro chanu, Ndine wokondwa ndipo ndikusangalala ndi inu nonse. 18 Momwemonso khalani okondwa ndi kusangalala ndi ine.

Kodi vuto ndi chiyani?

Kutembenuzidwa mu ESV pamwambapa kumapereka chitsimikizo champhamvu cha momwe ndimeyi iliri pakutsindika uthenga wa kudzichepetsa ndi kumvera - kukhala ndi malingaliro omwe Khristu anali nawo. Vuto ndiloti zomwe zidaphatikizidwa mundime iyi ndikupotoza kwachikhalidwe kuti atumize chiphunzitso cha thupi. Nkhani yayikulu ndi Afil 2: 6-7 yomwe imamasuliridwa mwachinyengo kuti Yesu ndiye woyamba anali mawonekedwe a Mulungu kenako adakhala munthu. Izi sizomwe Agiriki akunena.

Ndimeyi imadziwika ndi akatswiri amaphunziro a baibulo ngati ndakatulo yomwe mwina ikufanana ndi Yesaya 53 yokhudzana ndi wantchito wovutikayo. Sikuti cholinga chake ndi kukhala zamulungu. Nkhaniyi ili ndi malingaliro a Yesu, Mesiya waumunthu. Nkhaniyi siyokhudza kusintha kwa umunthu wa Yesu kapena umunthu wake. Komanso silikunena za nthawi Yesu asanakhale munthu. 

Kuyang'ana pa ESV-Greek Interlinear

Pansipa pali chidule cha interlinear ya ESV-Greek ya Phil 2: 6-7. Mawu ofunikira amadziwika ndi mabokosi okhala ndi utoto wokhala ndi Parsing ndi tanthauzo lomwe limaperekedwa m'mabokosi ofanana pansipa. 

Powunikiranso chithunzichi munthu ayenera kuzindikira kuti μορφῇ, (morphē) lomasuliridwa kuti "mawonekedwe" limatanthauza mawonekedwe akunja pomwe σχήματι (schēma) lotanthauzidwa kuti "mawonekedwe" likukhudzana ndi chinthu chomwe chikuphatikizapo kugwira ntchito kwa chinthu china. Chifukwa mawu awiri achi Greekwa amamasuliridwa kuti "mawonekedwe" mu ESV, kusiyanitsa komwe kwatayika kwachi Greek. 

Tiyeneranso kuzindikira kuti ὑπάρχων (hyparchō) lotanthauziridwa "ngakhale anali" mu ESV, lili m'mawu omwe akutanthauza kuti "ali" kapena "ali" (osati kuti "anali").

Kufotokozera zomwe zili zolakwika ndi ESV

Kutanthauzira kwa ESV kwa Phil 2: 6-7 kwaperekedwa pansipa ndipo nkhani zafotokozedwa pokhudzana ndi zigawo zotsimikizika za mavesiwa. 

Afilipi 2: 6-8 (ESV)

 6 WHO, ngakhale anali mmaonekedwe a Mulungu, sanaone kuti kuyanjana ndi Mulungu ndi chinthu choyenera kumangidwa; 7 koma adadzikhuthula, potenga mawonekedwe a wantchito, kukhala wobadwa mofanana ndi anthu. 8 Ndipo akupezeka mu mawonekedwe aumunthu, anadzichepetsa yekha mwa kukhala womvera mpaka imfa, ngakhale imfa ya pamtanda.

Nkhani # 1: “ngakhale anali mmaonekedwe a Mulungu”

Mneni wachi Greek hyparcho limamasuliridwa kuti "anali" pano. Verebu lachi Greek liri mu liwu lomwe likugwira ntchito pano (osati theorist) kutanthauza "iye ali" kapena "iye ali" osati "anali". Ndiye kuti, Yesu ndiye tsopano in mawonekedwe a Mulungu - Sikuti anali mmaonekedwe a Mulungu asanapangidwe mofanana ndi munthu. Gawo loyambirira la Afil 2: 6 likunena za momwe zinthu ziliri pakali pano ndi Maonekedwe a Mulungu atakwezedwa ndikupatsidwa dzina loposa mayina onse (Afil 2: 9-11). Mabaibulo ena amamasulira kuti “kukhala mwa mawonekedwe a Mulungu” zomwe ndi zolondola kwambiri kuposa "iye anali"

Liwu loti "ngakhale" silili m'Chigiriki ndipo ndi njira yolumikizirana. Kuphatikizika kukhala chinthu chatsopano kapena chabodza cholowetsedwa mulembalo. Pachifukwa ichi amagwiritsanso ntchito kukonda wowerenga kuti apereke lingaliro lakuti mawuwo akuyenera kusiyanitsidwa ndi zomwe zimatsatira pambuyo pa vesi 6 "sizinayese kufanana ndi Mulungu ngati chinthu choyenera kumvetsetsa." Kuphatikiza liwu loti "ngakhale" kuti "anali" ndi lingaliro lotanthauzira mosakondera lomwe limapitilira zomwe lembalo limafotokoza. 

Nkhani # 2, "potenga mawonekedwe a wantchito"

Palibe liwu loti "ndi" mu chi Greek. Izi zikuwonjezeredwa ndi omasulira kutanthauza kuti Yesu adapanga chisankho chokhala munthu. "Mwa" pamenepa potanthauzira kwina (chinthu chatsopano kapena chabodza cholowetsedwa m'malemba). 

Nkhani # 3, “obadwa mofanana ndi anthu”

Liwu lachi Greek lotembenuzidwa 'wobadwa' ndi γενόμενος (ginoma) kumatanthauza kukhala, kukhala, kuchitika; kukhalapo, kubadwa. Tanthauzo lonse limakhalapo popanda kutchula mtundu uliwonse wa kukhalapo. 

Nkhani # 4, “yofanana ndi munthu”

Mawu achi Greek omwe atembenuzidwa kuti "mawonekedwe" apa ndi chomwe china chili osati china chake chomwe chikuwoneka. Ndiye kuti, Yesu ndi munthu wopangidwa osati mawonekedwe okha. ESV imamasulira mawu onse achi Greek alireza ndi schema monga “mawonekedwe” koma mawu achi Greek awa ali ndi tanthauzo lina. Schema imakhudza makamaka zomwe china chake chimaphatikizapo magwiridwe antchito amtundu wina (BDAG) osati mawonekedwe akunja (morphe). Kutanthauzira kwachingerezi kumasokoneza alireza "Mawonekedwe" (china chake chomwe chikuwoneka ngati mawonekedwe akunja) ndi ndondomeko "Mawonekedwe" (chinthu chomwecho chiri m'mapangidwe ake). Kupereka mawonekedwe awiri awa mchingerezi kumabisa kusiyana. Kuti tisunge kusiyanitsa komwe kuli m'Chigiriki zingakhale zomasulira bwino alireza monga "chiwonetsero" kapena "mawonekedwe" ndi schema monga "mafashoni" kapena "kapangidwe" (ontology). Ndiko kuti, Yesu ali m’chisonyezero cha Mulungu koma anapangidwa kukhalapo mwa kupangidwa kwa munthu.  

Kodi Mgiriki Amati Chiyani?

Ngakhale pali matembenuzidwe ena achingerezi odziwika bwino kuposa ena onse, onse amatanthauziridwa ndi tsankho kutanthauza tanthauzo la thupi. M'munsimu muli mawu achigiriki a Afil 2: 5-11 otsatiridwa ndi matanthauzidwe enieni ndi omasulira kuchokera pagome lazamalamulo apa: Zolowera

Afilipi 2: 5-11 (NA28)

5 Kodi simukufuna kukhala ndi moyo?

6 Kodi simukufuna kudziwa kuti ndi chiyani,

7 Zoyenera kuchita sizingafanane ndi malo opatsirana pogonana, osagwiritsika ntchito

8 Ndipo sanadziyese kwa iwowa ndi ku Yudeya.

9 Kodi simukufuna kudziwa ngati chinthucho sichiri bwino?

10 Palibe chilichonse chomwe chingagwiritsidwe ntchito

11 καὶ πᾶσα γλῶσσα ἐξομολογήσηται ὅτικύριος Ἰησοῦς Χριστὸς εἰς δόξαν θεοῦ πατρός.

Zomasulira ndi Zomasulira

Pansipa ndikutanthauzira kwenikweni kwa Afilipi 2: 5-11 kutengera tebulo la interlinear (Zolowera). Amagwirizana kwambiri ndi mawu achi Greek. Kuwonetsedwanso ndikumasulira komasulira kwenikweni. Matembenuzidwe awa, okhazikika ndi tanthauzo lachi Greek, samapereka lingaliro la thupi. Ziyeneranso kukhala zowonekeratu kuti mawu aliwonse omwe ali mundimeyi ndi omveka bwino polingalira za ndime yonseyo.

Afilipi 2: 5-11 Kumasulira Kwatanthauzo

5 Maganizo awa mwa inu

kuti nawonso odzozedwa, mwa Yesu,

6 amene amakhala mmaonekedwe a Mulungu,

osakomoka,

adadzilamulira yekha

kukhala ofanana ndi Mulungu,

7 m'malo mwake adadzikhuthula,

mtundu wa ntchito yomwe adalandira,

adafanana ndi anthu,

ndi mafashoni

 adapezeka ngati munthu.

8 Anadzichepetsa

kukhala omvera kufikira imfa

ngakhale pamtanda. 

9 Chomwechonso Mulungu adakweza

nampatsa iye

dzina kupitirira mayina onse

10 kuti m'dzina la Yesu,

bondo lirilonse limagwada,

Kumwamba ndi dziko lapansi, ndi za pansi pa dziko lapansi,

11 ndipo lirime lirilonse lidzavomereza

kuti Ambuye Yesu anadzoza

kwa ulemerero wa Mulungu, wa Atate.

Afilipi 2: 5-11 Kumasulira Kwamasulira

5 Maganizo awa ndi mwa iwe,

kuganiza komanso mwa Mesiya - mwa Yesu,

6 amene ali ndi mawu a Mulungu,

osati ndalama

adadzilimbitsa

kukhala nthumwi kwa Mulungu,

7 m'malo mwake sanadzione ngati wofunika,

adavomereza kapolo wake,

anapangidwa mofanana ndi anthu,

ndikupanga,

iye anazindikiridwa ngati munthu.

8 Anadzichepetsa

kukhala omvera kufikira imfa,

ngakhale pamtanda.

9 Choncho nawonso Mulungu anakweza

nampatsa,

ulamuliro woposa wina aliyense, 

10 Kuti mwa mphamvu ya Yesu,

bondo lirilonse limagwada,

za kumwamba, ndi zapadziko lapansi ndi za anthu pansi pa dziko lapansi,

11 ndipo lirime lirilonse lidzavomereza

kuti Yesu is Ambuye Mesiya,

kulemekeza Atate Mulungu.

Kulungamitsidwa kwa mawu omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito

“Mwa Mesiya”

Liwu lachi Greek Χριστῷ (Christo) mu mawu ofotokozera kutanthauza mwa wodzozedwayo. Odzozedwa chimodzi liwu lachi Greek loti Mesiya wamunthu (Onani Yohane 1:41). Wodzozedwayo ndiye munthu (Mwana wa Munthu) amene Mulungu wamusankha kuti aweruze dziko lapansi mchilungamo (Machitidwe 17:31). 

“Wokhala”

Mawu apa ὑπάρχων (hyparchon) amathanso kumveka kuti ali komanso kukhala nawo. Ndiye kuti Yesu ali ndi maonekedwe/mbiri ya Mulungu. Kukhala ndi mbiri ya Mulungu sikutanthauza kukhala mu chikhalidwe cha Mulungu. Otsatirawa ndi mavesi osonyeza verebu lakuti hyparchō limatanthauza kukhala ndi zinthu monga momwe kwasonyezedwera ndi Machitidwe 3:6 “ndilibe (hyparō) siliva ndi golidi” ndi 2 Pet 1:8 “Pakuti ngati muli nazo izi (hyparō).” Mofananamo, dzina lakuti hyparchonta limatanthawuza za katundu (Onani Mat 24:47, Mat 25:14, Luka 11:21, Luka 12:33, Luka 12:44, Luka 14:33, Luka 16:1, Luka 19:8, NW; 1 Akorinto 13:3 ndi Aheb.

Apanso, tengani nawo malowa ndi gawo lotengapo gawo. Kutenga nawo gawo pakadali pano kungagwiritsidwe ntchito kutanthauza china chake cham'mbuyomu ngati verebu lalikulu lidachitapo kale kutanthauza zomwe zidachitika m'mbuyomu. Komabe, kutenga nawo mbali sikutanthauza kukhala ndi nthawi yomweyo. Nkhaniyi ikuwonetseratu kuti Yesu tsopano wapatsidwa chiwonetsero cha Mulungu chifukwa adayamba kutenga mawonekedwe a wantchito ndikumvera Mulungu wake modzichepetsa mpaka kufa.

Kungoganiza kuti Yesu ndi Mulungu mwa malingaliro, monga okhulupirira Utatu amakhulupirira, sizomveka chilichonse chomwe Paulo angafune kutiuza Mulungu Mwana sankawona ngati kufunkha ndikofanana ndi Mulungu. M'malo mwake ngati kukhala kapena kukhala ndi mawonekedwe kapena mawonekedwe a Mulungu kumatanthauza Yesu wokwezeka ndi wolemekezedwa, zonse zomwe Paulo akunena zimakhala zomveka bwino komanso zimagwirizana bwino ndi mawu omaliza a Paulo mu vesi 9 mpaka 11 pomwe amafotokoza kuti Mulungu adakweza kwambiri Yesu chifukwa cha kumvera modzichepetsa. Ameneyo ndiye Yesu, amene tsopano ali mmaonekedwe a Mulungu, sanawone kufanana kumeneku ndi Mulungu kukhala chinthu choti amulande.

Mawu

Mawu achi Greek omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito μορφῇ (morphē) amatanthauza mawonekedwe, mawonekedwe akunja, mawonekedwe. "Kufotokozera", kutanthauza china chake chomwe chimawonetsera, kukhala, kapena kuyimira china chake (Merriam Webster) chikugwirizana bwino ndi tanthauzo ili. "Fomu" ndichosankha choyenera chifukwa kusiyanitsa ndi chinthu china ndi china chomwe chikuwoneka kuti chatayika. M'malo mwake alireza ili ndi lingaliro la udindo ndi udindo monga mu Tobit 1:13 wa LXX ("udindo"). Kuyerekeza ndi alireza wa wantchito ”(v. 7) amatithandiza kumvetsetsa alireza momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito potengera ndimeyi ndi monga udindo, udindo kapena udindo. M'Chingelezi, “mawonekedwe” amagwiritsidwa ntchito mofanana ndi “udindo” monga munthu amene angatchulidwe kuti ali ndi "mawonekedwe" kapena "mawonekedwe" abwino.

Kuchokera pazolemba zakudziko, timaphunzira kuti Agiriki adagwiritsa ntchito alireza kufotokoza pomwe milungu idasintha mawonekedwe awo. Kitala (Mtengo wa TDNT) akunena kuti mu nthano zachikunja, milungu imasintha mawonekedwe awo (alireza), makamaka Aphrodite, Demeter ndi Dionysus ngati atatu omwe adachita. Izi zikuwonekeratu kusintha mawonekedwe, osati chilengedwe. Josephus, wamasiku akale a Atumwi, adagwiritsa ntchito alireza kufotokoza mawonekedwe a mafano (Bauer's Lexicon).

Ntchito zina za alireza m'Baibulo zimatsimikizira kuti alireza amatanthauza mawonekedwe akunja. Uthenga Wabwino wa Marko sunatchulidwe mwachidule nkhani yodziwika bwino pa Luka 24: 13-33 yonena za Yesu kuwonekera kwa amuna awiri omwe anali panjira yopita ku Emau. Maliko akutiuza kuti Yesu adawonekera "mwa mawonekedwe ena (alireza) ”Kwa amuna awiriwa kotero kuti sanamuzindikire (Marko 16:12). Ngakhale kuti gawo la Maliko liyenera kuti silinali loyambirira, zikuwonetsa kuti anthu amnthawiyo anali kugwiritsa ntchito liwulo alireza kutanthauza mawonekedwe akunja amunthu. Zikuwonekeratu kuti Yesu analibe "mawonekedwe ofunikira" osiyana pomwe adawonekera kwa ophunzira awiriwo, amangokhala ndi mawonekedwe osiyana. Ayuda akumasulira Septuagint ntchito alireza kangapo, ndipo nthawi zonse limanena za mawonekedwe akunja.

Zikuwonekeratu kuti alireza sikutanthauza mkhalidwe wofunikira wa Khristu monga momwe matembenuzidwe ena amayesera kuti akhale. Ndi chiyani ngati tanthauzo la vesili likunena kuti Yesu ndi Mulungu, bwanji osangonena choncho? Ngati Yesu ndi Mulungu, nenani choncho, musanene kuti ali ndi “chikhalidwe chofunikira cha Mulungu.” Kumene Mulungu ali ndi "mawonekedwe ofunikira" a Mulungu, ndiye chifukwa chiyani wina angapange kuti mfundo? Vesili silikunena kuti, “Yesu, pokhala Mulungu,” koma limanena kuti, “anali wofanana ndi Mulungu.” Ndi momwe Yesu analili alireza Za wantchito- ntchito kapena ntchito yamutu. Momwemo alireza sindiwo gulu la zomwe munthu ali nazo (mwa umunthu wawo). 

"Osati ndalama"

Liwu lachi Greek ἁρπαγμὸν (harpagmon) ndikulanda mwankhanza katundu, kuba; china chake chomwe munthu atha kufunsa kapena kunena ulemu wake pogwira kapena kugwira; china chake chinanenedwa. Kutanthauza kukhala ndi mawonekedwe a Mulungu, sichinthu chomwe Yesu adamuyikira yekha mopanda chilungamo. Tikuwona mu vesi 9 kuti ndi Mulungu mwini yemwe adakweza Yesu kukhala Mesiya.

Atatha kunena kuti Khristu anali mmaonekedwe a Mulungu, Afilipi 2: 6 akupitiliza kunena kuti Khristu "sanayese wofanana ndi Mulungu osati china kukhala anamvetsa. ” Potanthauziridwa motere, mawuwa ndi mtsutso wamphamvu motsutsana Utatu. Ngati Yesu anali Mulungu, ndiye kuti sizingakhale zomveka kunena kuti "sanamvetse" mofanana ndi Mulungu chifukwa palibe amene amazindikira kufanana kwake. Ndizomveka kuti siwofanana ndi Mulungu poyambira.

“Ananenetsa kuti”

Liwu lachi Greek ἡγήσατο (hēgeomato) limatanthauza kukhala woyang'anira, kutsogolera, kuwongolera; kuchita nawo maphunziro, kuganiza, kulingalira, kulingalira. Chi Greek ndi liwu lapakati la aorist posonyeza nthawi yapitayi ndikuti iye ndiye amene ali mutu komanso chinthu chofananira ndi verebu "adadzinenera yekha".

“Tidzakulowereni”

Liwu lachi Greek ἴσα (isa) limatanthauza kufanana, chimodzimodzi; mogwirizana. Tanthauzo la woimira (1) ndi bungwe, ntchito, kapena ofesi ya wachiwiri yemwe amakhala m'malo mwa wina (2) mphamvu kapena mphamvu yochitira wina (3) munthu wololedwa kuchitira wina (Merriam Webster pa intaneti). Malingana ndi nkhani ya "proxy" ya mawuwo ndi kusankha mawu koyenera.

“Sanadzione ngati wapamwamba”

Liwu lachi Greek ἐκένωσεν (kenoō) limatanthauza kutulutsa, kuchotsa; (pass.) kukhala yopanda pake, yopanda kanthu, yopanda phindu. Izi zikupereka lingaliro lodzichotsera ulemu (munthawi yoyembekezera kuzindikira ndi kukhala ofunika kwambiri kwa ena). Izi sizichitikachitika ndi Yesaya.

“Analandira kapolo wake”

Mawu omwewo achi Greek alireza amagwiritsidwa ntchito pano monga amagwiritsidwira ntchito ponena za kukhalapo kwa Yesu mu alireza wa Mulungu mu vesi 6. Zikuwonekeratu kuchokera pamalingaliro azosiyanazi ma morphs kuti alireza Zimakhudza mawonekedwe akunja, mawonekedwe, udindo, kapena udindo wotsutsana ndi zofunikira kapena ontology. Tanthauzo lake ndikuti kukhala mu alireza Mulungu sakhala Mulungu mwanjira inayake koma wokhala ndi chiwonetsero kapena udindo wa Mulungu (chifukwa cha mphamvu ndi ulamuliro wopatsidwa ndi Mulungu).

Kuvomereza alireza za wantchito sizitanthauza kuti anali Mulungu ndipo adadzakhala munthu. M'malo mwake, monga mwamuna, adavomera ntchito yake yokhala kapolo ndikudzipereka yekha ngati chopereka cha onse. Palibe tanthauzo lopezeka m'ndimeyi, koma kuti kubweretsedwako kudzindikira, anali munthu amene adadzipereka ku chifuniro cha Mulungu monga mtumiki wa Mulungu. Ndimeyi ikutiphunzitsa kukhala ndi malingaliro omwewo. 

“Anapangidwa m'chifanizo cha munthu”

Kwa anthu ambiri, kukhala wofanana ndi amuna nthawi zonse kumatanthauza kuti sanali m'chifanizo cha anthu, kutanthauza kuti sanali munthu. Mumalingaliro a Atatu, zonse ndizokhudza zinthu chifukwa ndicho chiphunzitso chomwe akufuna kuwona mundime iyi. Komabe, ndi ntchito komanso kuti Paulo akukamba za - zomwe Yesu adachita, kuti Afilipi adziwe momwe amatsatira mapazi a Yesu. Liwu lachi Greek Akazi imagwiritsidwanso ntchito popumira pamene akuti Yesu "adakhala" womvera mpaka imfa. Kukhala wofanana ndi amuna si njira yotiwuza kuti munthu wosakhala munthu adakhala munthu. Iyi ndi njira yotiwuza kuti Yesu adadzitsogolera ngati munthu wodzichepetsa osati kukhala Mulungu wokwezeka. Anatenga mawonekedwe a wantchito ndipo mawu oti "mofanana ndi anthu" akutifotokozera tanthauzo la kutenga mawonekedwe a wantchito.

"mu mafashoni (kupanga)"

Liwu lachi Greek σχήματι (schēmati) ndimikhalidwe kapena mawonekedwe azinthu omwe amadziwika; momwe zinthu zimagwirira ntchito malinga ndi lexicon yolemekezeka kwambiri ya BDAG. Kapangidwe kamatanthauzidwa ngati momwe chinthu chimapangidwira; Zodzoladzola zonse (Merriam Webster) zimapereka tanthauzo ili.   

“Anazindikirika”

Liwu lachi Greek εὑρεθεὶς (heuritheis) lili m'mawu osasamala otanthauza "kupezeka." "Kuzindikiridwa" kumapereka tanthauzo: kuvomereza kapena kuzindikira m'njira inayake (Merriam Webster).

“Woposa wina aliyense” 

Liwu lachi Greek lotembenuzidwa "ulamuliro" ndi ὄνομα (onoma) lotanthauza dzina; mutu; mbiri. munjira imeneyi limafotokoza zaulamuliro monga Yesu amadziwika kuti ndi Mesiya Mesiya.

Kusiyana ndi Adamu

Yesu sanazindikire molakwa monga momwe anachitira Adamu. Cholakwika cha Adamu chidasinthidwa mwa Yesu. Dr. Colin Brown ku Fuller Seminary adawona kuti Phil. 2 sikunena zakukhalapo ndi kukhalapo pambuyo pake, koma za kusiyana pakati pa Khristu ndi Adamu. Adamu munthu yemwe adapangidwa koyambirira m'chifanizo cha Mulungu, adayesetsa kukhala ngati Mulungu. Koma Yesu adachita zosiyana ndi kumvera kufikira imfa - ngakhale pa mtanda. (Ernst Lohmeyer's Kyrious Jesus Revisited) Onaninso Dr. James Dunn, Christology pakupanga. Katswiri wodziwika FF Bruce adanenanso kuti sakuganiza kuti Paul amakhulupirira Mwana yemwe analipo kale (Mulungu m'modzi, Atate, Munthu Mmodzi Kutanthauzira kwa Mesiya, Kusindikiza kwachiwiri, p. 2, Anthony Buzzard, chiyanjano chobwezeretsa)

Ndemanga kuchokera kwa Atatu Ophunzira Baibulo

James Dunn (Methodist NT Scholar) p115. Christology mu Kupanga

“Kuphatikiza apo zitha kuwonedwa mosavuta kuti malingaliro amalingaliro omwe ali mnyimbo ya ku Filipi akugwirizana kwathunthu ndi magawo awiri a Christology omwe amapezeka kwina mu Chikhristu choyambirira. - kuvomereza kwaulere kwa gawo la munthu kunatsatira mpaka kufa, ndi kukwezedwa ku udindo wa Mbuye pamwamba pa zonse.

JAT Robinson (Anglican NT Scholar), p166 “Nkhope ya Munthu ya Mulungu”

Chithunzicho sichiri cha munthu wakumwamba wotsika kuti akhale munthu, kuti akwezeke kupitilira momwe anali kale. M'malo mwake, ndikuti chidzalo chonse cha Mulungu chidathandizidwa… monga mbadwa ina iliyonse ya Abulahamu. ” 

Jerome Murphy-O'Connor (Katswiri wa Katolika wa NT)

“Mosalephera, iwo omwe amayamba kutanthauzira nyimboyi ndi lingaliro kuti zimakhudza Mulungu yemwe analipo kale chizolowezi kutanthauzira kwamatsenga mwa mizere iyi. ”

James P. Mackey (Katswiri wa Zaumulungu wa Katolika). p52 “Zokumana Nazo Mkristu za Mulungu Monga Utatu”

“Chowonadi kuti pamalingaliro a nyimbo mu kalata yeniyeni sipakutchulidwa konse za munthu wosadziwika waumulungu amene amakhala munthu... "

Karl-Josef Kuschel (Katswiri wa Zaumulungu wa ku Germany) p250 “Born Before All Time”

“Kuchokera pa mfundo iyi yoti Myuda osati Hellenistic syncretism atha kukhala chinsinsi chomvetsetsa nyimbo yaku Afilipi, Olemba ndakatulo amakono apeza lingaliro lotsutsana kwambiri kuti nyimbo ya ku Filipi siyimalankhula za kukhalapo kwa Khristu nkomwe. "

Anton Vogtle (Katswiri wa Chikatolika wa ku Germany NT) Freiburg exegete

"Palibe kukhalapo kwa Khristu dziko lisanakhalepo ndikudziyimira palokha komwe kungazindikiridwe ngakhale kwa Afil. 2. " 

Klaus Berger (Wolemba mabuku wa Chikatolika wa ku Germany) Heidelberg

“Afilipi 2: 6 makamaka amakhudzidwa ndikunena zaudindo komanso samakhudzidwa kwenikweni ndi kukhalako. " 

Bas van Iersel (Dutch NT Scholar) p45. ‘Mwana wa Mulungu mu Chipangano Chatsopano’

"Koma za kukhalako kale ndi kufanana ndi kukhala ndi Mulungu sitingapeze chilichonse m'makalata a Paulo

Kutanthauzira Bwino Kwachingerezi kwa Phil 2: 6-7

Pano pali zitsanzo za ena omasuliridwa bwino achingerezi omwe alibe tsankho poyambitsa owerenga. Amamasuliridwa kwenikweni koma komabe ali ndi tsankho kutanthauza thupi. Nthawi zina, monga momwe amasonyezera m'zilembo, mawu samamasuliridwa molondola.

Literal Standard Version (LSV): wpokhala nawo mawonekedwe a Mulungu, sadalingalire kuti chingalandidwe chofanana ndi Mulungu; koma adadzikhuthula yekha, natenga mawonekedwe a kapolo, nakhala m'mafanizidwe a anthu;

Berean Study Bible (BSB): Yemwe, wokhala nawo mawonekedwe a Mulungu, sanayese kuyanjana ndi Mulungu ngati kanthu kakumvetsetsa, koma anadzikhuthula yekha, natenga mawonekedwe a kapolo, nakhala m'chifaniziro cha umunthu.

Chichewa Revised Version (ERV): amene, pokhala nawo mawonekedwe a Mulungu, sanawone ngati mphotho yakufanana ndi Mulungu; koma anadzikhuthula yekha, natenga mawonekedwe a kapolo, nakhala wofanana ndi anthu;

Tyndale Bible la 1526: Omwe amakhala mmaonekedwe a mulungu ndipo samawona ngati kuba kuti akhale ofanana ndi mulungu. Neverthelesse adamupangitsa kukhala wopanda mbiri ndipo adamupatsa mawonekedwe a kudzipereka ndikukhala lyke kwa amuna

Coverdale Baibulo la 1535: amene amakhala m'chifanizo cha Mulungu, sadalingalire kuti kuba ndikufanana ndi Mulungu, koma adamuyesa wopanda ulemu, namtengera iye msilikali wa msilikari, nakhala ngati china munthu,

Bishops 'Bible la 1568 Yemwe adali mgulu la Mulungu, samaganiza kuti kuba ndikofanana ndi Mulungu. Koma nadzipangira dzina losadziwika, natenga pa iye gulu la mdzakazi, nampanga mokomera anthu. 

Geneva Bible la 1587: Yemwe pokhala muli mwa inu mwa Mulungu, simunalingalire za umbanda kukhala ofanana ndi Mulungu: koma adadzipangitsa yekha kukhala wopanda mbiri, nadzitengera kwa iye kapolo wa kapolo, nakhala ngati kwa anthu, nakhalako mu mawonekedwe ngati mamuna.

King James Bible la 1611 (KJV): Yemwe pokhala ndi mawonekedwe a Mulungu, sadalingalire zauchifwamba kukhala wofanana ndi Mulungu: koma adadzipangira yekha mbiri, natenga mawonekedwe a kapolo, nakhala m'mafanizidwe a anthu;

Kutanthauzira Kwa Achinyamata Kwaku 1898 (YLT): amene, pokhala nawo mawonekedwe a Mulungu, sadayesa ngati cobera kukhala wofanana ndi Mulungu, koma adadzikhuthula yekha, natenga mawonekedwe a kapolo, nakhala m'mafanizidwe a anthu;

American Standard Version ya 1901 (ASV): amene pokhala nawo mawonekedwe a Mulungu sanawerengere kuti iye ali wofanana ndi Mulungu ngati kanthu kakugwidwa;

Lamsa Baibulo (Peshitta): Yemwe, pokhala nawo mawonekedwe a Mulungu, sanawone ngati chobera kukhala ofanana ndi Mulungu: Koma adadzipangira yekha mbiri, natenga mawonekedwe a kapolo, nakhala wofanana ndi anthu:

Malingaliro olakwika ndi malingaliro olakwika

Nawu mndandanda wazinthu zomwe ambiri amaganiza molakwika pa Phil 2: 5-7

  1. Liwu loti "anali" ponena za malingaliro a Khristu limasokoneza owerenga kuti aganizire kuti Paulo akunena za nthawi yapitayi pomwe Yesu anali ndi malingaliro ena ndikuganiza kuti Khristu anali ndi malingalirowo asanakhale munthu.
  2. Kungoganiza kuti Paulo akunena za Mwana yemwe anali asanabadwe thupi yemwe anali "mwa mawonekedwe a Mulungu."
  3.  Kungoganiza kuti liwu loti "mawonekedwe a Mulungu" limatanthauza "Mulungu" ndikuyamba kuwona kuti sizomveka kunena kuti Mulungu ndi mawonekedwe a Mulungu. Ndizomveka kunena za winawake kukhala m'chifanizo cha Mulungu kapena mawonekedwe a Mulungu. 
  4.  Poganiza kuti Yesu adakhuthula ena mwaudindo wake waumulungu kapena ulemerero wake kumwamba.
  5. Kungonena kuti osalingalira kuti kufunkha kukhala olingana ndi Mulungu ndikuti Yesu analibe vuto lofanana ndi Mulungu. Mwakutero, izi sizikumveka chilichonse popeza mfundo ya Paulo ndikuwonetsa Afilipi momwe angadzichepetsere ndikutumikira monga Yesu amatumikira Mulungu wake.
  6. Kutenga mawu a Paulo kunena kuti vesi 6 kuti Yesu sankawona ngati 'kumamatira' ku kufanana ndi Mulungu. Komabe, izi zitanthauza kuti Yesu wobvala thupi sanakhale wofanana ndi Mulungu zomwe amakana.
  7. Kutenga vesi 6 kutanthauza kuti Yesu sanagwiritse ntchito masuku pamutu, kapena kupezerapo mwayi pa kufanana kwake ndi Mulungu. Komabe, ngati Yesu anali kale ndi anayankha alikuti mawu mu vesi 6 omwe akunena za kuzigwiritsa ntchito?  anayankha sizitanthauza kupezereredwa. Limatanthawuza za chinthu chomwe munthu adzilanda / kudzilanda ngati kufunkha.
  8. Kungoganiza kuti "kutenga mawonekedwe a wantchito" kumatanthauza "kuwonjezera umunthu" kwa iyemwini. Mawu akuti “kukhala ofanana ndi anthu,” kapena “kukhala ofanana ndi anthu” amayenerera mawu akuti “kutenga kapolo.” Mwakutero, kufanana kwa anthu kukusiyanitsidwa ndi mawonekedwe a Mulungu. Liwu lachi Greek pano likunena kuti Yesu adakhalako mwa kufanana ndi anthu.

Matanthauzidwe Oyipa Achingerezi a Phil 2: 6-7

Pano pali zitsanzo za matembenuzidwe ena achingerezi oyipitsitsa omwe ali ndi tsankho lalikulu pakupangitsa owerenga kuti asangotanthauza thupi koma kuti azilingalire. Zomwe zimasocheretsa zomwe zimasiyananso ndi tanthauzo lenileni la mawu ndizolemba. 

New International Version (NIV)Ndani, pokhala chilengedwe Mulungu, sanawone kufanana ndi Mulungu kukhala chinthu china ankagwiritsa ntchito phindu lake; m'malo mwake, sanadzipange kanthu by kutenga chilengedwe la kapolo, lopangidwa mofanana ndi anthu.

New Living Translation (NLT): Komabe he anali Mulungu, sanaganize za kufanana ndi Mulungu ngati china chake kumamatira. M'malo mwake, iye anasiya mwayi wake waumulungu ; iye anatenga malo odzichepetsa wa kapolo ndipo adabadwa ngati munthu. Pamene adawonekera mwa mawonekedwe aumunthu,

Uthenga Wabwino (MSG):  He anali ndi udindo wofanana ndi Mulungu koma sanadziganizire zochuluka za iyemwini kuti amayenera kumamatira ku zabwino zaudindowo zivute zitani. Ayi konse. Nthawi itakwana, adasiya mwayi wamulungu nakhala kapolo, anakhala munthu!

New American Standard Bible 2020 (NASB 2020): WHO, as He kale analipo mmaonekedwe a Mulungu, sanawone kufanana ndi Mulungu ngati chinthu chofunikira kumugwira, koma adadzikhuthula Yekha by kutenga mawonekedwe a wantchito wantchito ndi pokhala wobadwa mofanana ndi anthu

New American Standard Bible 1995 (NASB 95): amene, angakhale anali ndi mawonekedwe a Mulungu, sanayese kuyanjana ndi Mulungu ngati kanthu kakumgwirira, koma anadzikhuthula yekha, natenga mawonekedwe a kapolo, nakhala munthu

Contemporary English Version (CVE): Khristu anali wowona Mulungu. koma he sanayese kutsalira wolingana ndi Mulungu. M'malo mwake iye anasiya zonse nakhala kapolo, pamene he anakhala ngati m'modzi wa ife.

NET Baibulo (NET): amene ngakhale he analipo mmaonekedwe a Mulungu sanawone kufanana ndi Mulungu ngati chinthu choyenera kumvetsetsa, koma adadzikhuthula yekha by kutenga mawonekedwe a kapolo, by zikuwoneka ngati ena amuna, ndi pogawana mu umunthu.

Revised Standard Version (RSV): WHO, ngakhale he anali mu mawonekedwe a Mulungu, sanawone kufanana ndi Mulungu ngati chinthu choyenera kumvetsetsa, koma adadzikhuthula yekha, natenga mawonekedwe a kapolo, wobadwira mawonekedwe za amuna.

Chichewa Revised Standard Version (NRSV): WHO, ngakhale he anali mmaonekedwe a Mulungu, sanaone kufanana ndi Mulungu monga chinthu choti agwiritse ntchito, koma adadzikhuthula, kutenga mawonekedwe a kapolo, kubadwa mofanana ndi anthu. Ndipo kupezeka mwa anthu mawonekedwe,

Buku Lopatulika (BLPB): WHO, ngakhale he anali mmaonekedwe a Mulungu, sanayese wofanana ndi Mulungu ngati kanthu kakugwidwa, koma sanadziyese kanthu, natenga mawonekedwe a kapolo, pokhala wobadwa mofanana ndi anthu.

Christian Standard Bible (CSB): amene, pokhala nawo mawonekedwe a Mulungu, sanawone kufanana ndi Mulungu ngati chinthu choti akawapondereze. Koma adadzikhuthula by kutenga mawonekedwe a kapolo ndi mwa kukhala ngati anthu. Liti adapezeka ngati mawonekedwe a munthu,

Buku Lopatulika (Holy Bible) (HCSB): amene, wokhala m'maonekedwe a Mulungu, sanawone kufanana ndi Mulungu ngati chinthu choti chingamugwiritse ntchito pakupindulitsa kwake. M'malo mwake adadzikhuthula yekha by woganiza mawonekedwe a kapolo, wotengera mawonekedwe a amuna. Ndipo pamene Iye anabwera monga mwamuna mu kunja Kwake mawonekedwe,

Kutsiliza

Omasulira ambiri achingerezi a Afilipi Chaputala 2, makamaka Afilipi 2: 6-7, akuwonetsa tanthauzo lakumasulira kutanthauza kusakhalako ndi thupi. Komabe, kusanthula mosamalitsa kukuwonetsa kuti ndimeyi sikuphunzitsa thupi koma imatsutsa izi komanso zamulungu zitatu. Zomwe zanenedwa mosabisa ndikuti Yesu adakwezedwa ndikupatsidwa mphamvu zomwe ali nazo chifukwa chomvera mpaka kufa pamtanda. M'malo mofotokozera thupi, ndimeyi imatsimikizira kumvetsetsa kwa Unitarian kwa Mulungu.

Kupenda mosamalitsa kukuwonetsa kuti Afilipi 2 sakuphunzitsa thupi. Zikuwonekeratu kuti analibe mawonekedwe / mawonekedwe a Mulungu poyambira pomwe. Ndi chifukwa cha kumvera kwa munthu Yesu Khristu kuti tsopano wapatsidwa mphamvu ndi ulamuliro ndipo wamusintha kukhala Mesiya Mesiya. Izi zikugwirizana ndi chilengezo cha Machitidwe 2:36 "Chifukwa chake nyumba yonse ya Israeli idziwe kuti Mulungu wamupanga Iye kukhala Ambuye ndi Khristu (Mesiya), Yesu amene mudampachika."

Poganizira kuti lembalo likhoza kutanthauziridwa m'njira yomwe thupi silimatanthawuza, ndizosadabwitsa kuti ndimeyi imakhala ngati umboni kwa Akhristu ambiri omwe ali ndi lingaliro la thupi.

Zowonjezerapo

KUPITSA AFILIPI 2: 6-11 KUCHOKERA MU VACUUM:
KUWERENGA KWABWINO KWA KHRISTU-HYMN MUUNTHU WA
ZOKHUDZA KWAMBIRI KWA ANTHU A AFILIPI PAMODZI

DUSTIN SMITH

Pangani PDF: http://focusonthekingdom.org/Taking.pdf

 

Kumvera ndi Kudzichepetsa kwa Adamu Wachiwiri:
Afilipi 2: 6-11 

SCOTT A. DEANE, MATS

Pangani PDF: https://focusonthekingdom.org/Obedience%20and%20Humility%20of%20the%20Second%20Adam.pdf

 

Afilipi 2: 6-8

Malamulo Achilengedwe

https://www.biblicalunitarian.com/verses/philippians-2-6-8